Second Link



The Second Link is a 1.9-kilometre-long bridge that connects Tuas and Tanjung Kupang in Johor, Malaysia. It was officially opened on 18 April 1998.1

Description
Initial plans to launch the opening in July 1997 and October 1997 were stalled because of tensions in bilateral ties.2 The causeway was eventually opened for public use on 2 January 1998 at 10.00 am.3 The immigration and quarantine complex on the Malaysian side, the Sultan Abu Bakar Complex, is about 4 km from the bridge.4

The Singapore government contributed S$811.1 million to the total construction cost of S$1.5 billion, while Malaysia footed the remaining S$688 million.5 The bridge can carry a capacity of up to 200,000 vehicles daily.6

Tolls are levied in both directions, so a motorist pays the toll charges four times on a round trip. The Singapore Government collects at Tuas, while on its opposite side, tolls are collected by the Malaysian Government and the Malaysian concessionaire company, Linkedua, which sank more than RM$1 billion to build the bridge and the Malaysian expressway for the new crossing. The average number of vehicles that used the causeway fell from 12,600 to about 8,000 once the tolls were imposed. Comparatively, tolls at the first Causeway are levied only in one direction.7

Toll charges8
The following describes the Second Link toll charges for the arrival and departure for various types of vehicles over the years:

Motorcycle: S$0.50 (1998); S$0.60 (2005); S$0.70 (2008); $0.50 (2010 to present)
Car: S$2.50 (1998); S$3.20 (2002); S$3.70 (2005); S$4.60 (2008); S$3.20 (2010 to present)
Van/small lorry: S$6 (1998); S$7.30 (2002); S$8.30 (2005); S$10.50 (2008); S$7.40 (2010 to present)
Big lorry: S$12 (1998); S$14.50 (2002); S$16.60(2005); S$21 (2008); S$14.70 (2010 to present)
Taxi: S$2 (1998); S$2.40 (2002); S$2.70 (2005); S$3.50 (2008); S$2.50 (2010 to present)
Bus: S$3 (1998); S$3.90 (2002); S$4.40 (2005); S$5.60 (2008); S$3.90 (2010 to present)

Timeline
2 Jan 1998:
Second Link opened for public use.9

17 Mar 1998: Implementation of tolls.10
18 Apr 1998: Official opening of Second Link.11
29 Oct 2000: First Johor-Singapore Second Link Bridge Run.12



Author

Bonny Tan



References
1. Fernandez, W. (1998, April 19). Regional crisis draws S’pore, Malaysia closer. The Straits Times, pp. 1, 28. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
2. Fernandez, W. (1998, April 19). Significant that event took place. The Straits Times, p. 28. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
3. Leong, C. T. (1997, December 31). Advance warning of jams to be given. The Straits Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
4. Andrianie, S. (1997, December 31). Customs booths will not be fully manned on Friday. The Straits Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
5. S’pore Second Link tolls same as KL’s. (1998, March 12). The Straits Times, p. 3; Koh, B. S. (1998, April 25). S’pore-Malaysia ties – Test is in making up. The Straits Times, p. 57. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
6. Kaur, K. (1997, August 1). Toll charges to go up when Tuas link opens. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
7. Chua, L. H. (1997, December 24). Second link may become another war zone. The Straits Times, p. 21; Fernandez, W. (1998, March 26). Tolls hit Second Link. The Straits Times, p. 31; Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Fernandez, W. (1998, April 7). Tuas second link: Golden bridge or white elephant? The Straits Times, p. 34. Retrieved from Factiva.
8. Second Link and Causeway tolls start today. (1998, March 17). The Straits Times, p. 2; Higher Causeway, Second Link tolls. (2002, February, 22). Today, p. 4; Ng, A. (2005, June 25). Second Link rates to go up from July 1. Today, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Land Transport Authority. (2010, July 28). Lower toll charges at Second Link. Retrieved 2016, May 24 from Land Transport Authority website: https://www.lta.gov.sg/apps/news/page.aspx?c=2&id=lf3d41gw0v93cqemmmc22i41vs6m1j1wesg4r5u2zjz3ie7r20; Land Transport Authority. (2014, October 14). Vehicle Entry Permit (VEP) fees & toll charges. Retrieved 2016, May 24 from Land Transport Authority website: https://www.lta.gov.sg/content/ltaweb/en/roads-and-motoring/driving-in-and-out-of-singapore/vehicle-entry-permit-vep-fees-and-toll-charge.html
9. Fernandez, W., & Pereira, B. (1997, December 27). No toll at second link initially. The Straits Times, p. 54. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
10. Second Link and Causeway tolls start today. (1988, Match 17). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
11. Fernandez, W (1998, April 19). Regional crisis draws S’pore, Malaysia closer. The Straits Times, pp. 1, 28. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
12. Second Link Bridge Run likely to draw 5,000. (2000, September 2). The Straits Times, p. 55; (2000, October 30). Rainy run. The New Paper, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.




The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we can ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

 

Subject
Commerce and Industry>>Transportation
Architecture and Landscape>>Architectural Styles
Transportation
Architecture
Causeways--Singapore
Science and technology>>Engineering>>Transportation engineering

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