Outram Road



Outram Road begins at the junction of Kim Seng Road and Havelock Road, and ends at the junction of Cantonment Road and New Bridge Road.1 It was named in 1858 after James Outram (Sir), in honour of his heroic role in the 1857 Indian mutiny.

History
Outram Road was known as Cantonment Road prior to 1853,2 followed by River Valley Road until 1858 when it was separated from Cantonment Road. It was then renamed Outram Road in honour of Outram for his heroic role in the 1857 Indian mutiny.3


In 1966, the Housing and Development Board (HDB) purchased the site of the former Outram Road prison for $4.5 million. Then in 1969, HDB’s Urban Renewal Department built the first public flats along the road with the typical “shops below-flats above” slab-blocks concept.4

Opened on 26 February 1906, the Outram Road School was renamed Outram School in 1939. It remained a primary school until 1954 when it was converted into a secondary school.5 Now known as Outram Secondary School, it relocated from Outram Road to York Hill, off Chin Swee Road, in 1968.6

Key features
Outram Road forms junctions with Tiong Bahru Road and Seng Poh Road. At the Outram flyover, it is linked to the Central Expressway.7


As Outram Road is situated near Chinatown, the road has many hotels in its vicinity.8 For example, hotels located at the junction of Havelock Road and Outram Road include Copthorne King’s Hotel, Hotel Miramar, as well as Hotel Novotel Apollo Singapore (presently Furama RiverFront Hotel), which was built in 1972.9

Located at the junction of Outram Road and New Bridge Road is the Singapore General Hospital (SGH), which has existed since 1882.10 Within the grounds of SGH are the Health Sciences Authority, Health Promotion Board, National Dental Centre, National Cancer Centre, National Heart Centre, National Neuroscience Institute and Singapore National Eye Centre.11 Built in 1958, the former Institute of Health building is now a commercial property with 17,000 sq ft of the area housing an advertisement agency.12

Other buildings along Outram Road include the YWCA Outram Centre and the Outram Park Shopping Complex.13

Variant names
Si-pai po in both Hokkien and Cantonese, which means “sepoy plain”, a reference to the Sepoy Lines, police station and parade ground at one end of the road.14


Si-kha teng in Hokkien, which means “four-footed pavilion”. This refers to the pavilion in the cemetery adjoining the road which was known by this name.15



Author
Naidu Ratnala Thulaja



References
1.
Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, maps 132A, 132C. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR])
2.
Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 472. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
3.
Dunlop, P. K. G. (2000). Street names of Singapore. Singapore: Who’s Who Pub., p. 232. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 DUN-[HIS]); Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 282. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA])
4.
Lim, A. (2000, February 9). Making way for the new in Outram Park. The Straits Times, p. 34. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 339. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
5.
Opening of Outram Road government school. (1906, February 27). Eastern Daily Mail and Straits Morning Advertiser, p. 3; Teo, E. (2012, March 13). The school at Outram Road. The Straits Times, p. 15. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
6.
Outram Secondary. (2016). History. Retrieved 2017, May 8 from Outram Secondary School website: http://outramsec.moe.edu.sg/about-us/history
7.
Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, map 132. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR])
8.
Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, map 132A. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR])
9.
Accor will manage Apollo Hotel. (1999, October 15). The Straits Times, p. 91. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 336. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA]); Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, map 132A. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR])
10.
Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, pp. 340–341. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
11.
Singapore General Hospital. (2017). Clinical specialties & centres: Department & centres overview. Retrieved 2017, March 20 from Singapore General Hospital website: https://www.sgh.com.sg/CLINICAL-DEPARTMENTS-CENTERS/Pages/departments-centres-overview.aspx; Health Sciences Authority. (2016, December 14). Contact info. Retrieved 2017, March 20 from the Health Sciences Authority website: http://www.hsa.gov.sg/content/hsa/en/Contact_Info.html; Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, map 132C. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR])
12.
Sim, A. (2002, February 23). Retro gets a brand new look. The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
13.
Mighty minds street directory. (2015). Singapore: Angel Publishing, map 132A. (Call no.: RSING q912.5957 MMSD-[DIR]); ShowNearby. (2017). Outram Park Shopping Complex map. Retrieved 2017, March 20 from ShowNearby website: http://sg.shownearby.com/place/Outram-Park-Shopping-Complex/401109/map
14.
Firmstone, H. W. (1905). Chinese names of streets and places in Singapore and the Malay Peninsula. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 42, pp. 118–119. (Call no.: RQUIK 959.5 JMBRAS)
15.
Firmstone, H. W. (1905). Chinese names of streets and places in Singapore and the Malay Peninsula. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 42, pp. 118–119. (Call no.: RQUIK 959.5 JMBRAS)



The information in this article is valid as at 2003 and correct as far as we can ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic. 

Subject
Street names--Singapore
Arts>>Architecture>>Public and commercial buildings
Streets and Places
Architecture and Landscape>>Streets and Places