Raffles Collection I

"This volume contains miscellaneous papers of quarto size. The principal documents are copies of 12 letters from Lord Minto, drafts of five Ietters to Lord Minto, and of four to the E.I.C. ; letters to native princes and papers on the Java expedition of 1811. Perhaps the most interesting document is a letter from Raffles to? W. Ramsay, dated 10th November 1805. This is the only dated document of this period in the whole collectio. The dated documents are distributed thus ˗˗1805 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1818 1820 1823 18241 4 6 6 3 4 4 1 2 11˗3, pp. 1˗9: Rough notes.2, pp. 11˗14: T. S. Raffles to W. Marsden. ? April 1818. Routine. 3, pp. 15˗43: Thomas Raffles to (? W. Ramsay). Fort Cornwallis, l0th November 1805. 'After the warm interest you were pleased to take in my welfare, I must always feel desirous in doing everything in my power in acknowledgemt of your kindness. … I have the pleasure to acquaint you of our arrival here on the 18th September. … As a regular Sett of our Consultations up to the 8th instant ... are forwarded. … I have been very particular in my Enquiries respecting the Construction of Docks here.… The Government of Mr Farquhar was very expensive ... yet the new Government have no cause to complain ... all the Company’s Spice Plantations were sold to Individuals, previous to our Arrival - the Report of Mr Roxburgh Junr on which this measure took place, is sent in the Packet…the present Establishment is quite sufficient for the various duties of the different departments provided 5 or 6 Writers are sent out annually ..' 4, pp. 47˗54: T. R(affles) to Lord (Minto). Calcutta, 11 July 1810. He proposes to visit Malacca, and to secure the co operation of the Chiefs of Java, &c.5, pp. 55˗60: Thos Raffles to Lord (Minto). 9 Aug. 1810. 'Enclosed ... the result of my inquiries respecting the best Season for operations against Java, accompanied by some general ideas relating to the mode of attack ... the propriety of treating in the mean time with the Native Powers. ... Your Lordship might authorize my proceeding to Palembang without loss of time ....’ 6, p. 61: (T. S. Raffles) to Willim Hunter. 18 Sept 1810. Asks for Copies of Burmese, Siamese and Malay vocabularies. 7, pp. 63˗66: (T. S. Raffles) to Lord Minto. 16 Oct. 1810. He asks for the services of Mr. John Scott. 8, pp. 67˗98: Translations of Malay letters written to Native Princes, &c., previous to the Expedition to Java in 1811. [Except Palembang taken out and placed separately. [See 235]] These were sent out soon after Raffles’ arrival at Malacca. Mr. J. Scott and Tunku Pangeran carried some of the letters, and presents. ‘I further send my Agent Tunku Pangeran who is in the employ of the English; and if your Highnesses after hearing what the Princes have to say are desirous of establishing a friendship with the English, I request you will effect a meeting with Tunku Pangerang who has in his possession a, Paper under my hand and Seal in which is contained all the terms and Conditions that I wish to be attended to ....’ Instructions to Tunku Pangeram of Siac are also given. 9, pp. 99˗110: (T. S. Raffles) to Lord Minto. Malacca, 18 Feby. 1811. Co-operation with Captain Farquhar; the Eastern trade; supply of wine and native doctors, &c. Another copy of this draft is given in 244, 18.10, pp. 110˗118: Mem. respecting Passage from Malacca to Java. Malacca, 22d May 1811. ‘In order to ascertain the most advantageous passage for the expedition from hence to Java several of the most experienced Eastern Traders both here and at Penang have been consulted, particularly Captains Carnegy, Greig, Tait, Stewart, Scott and Smith. Mr Carnegy was from first to last clearly of opinion that the northern route round Borneo was the only one…’ 11, pp. 119˗126: Jas. Carnegy to Thos. Raffles. Penang, 24 May 1811. The passage to Java, &c. 12, pp. 129˗133: From Lord Minto to (Raffles). 8 Feby 1811. Mauritius, &c., now in our possession; intends to proceed in person to Malacca, &c. Printed in Lady Raffles’ Memoir, pp. 23˗24. [Copy.] 13, pp. 133˗137 : Lord Minto to (Raffles). 11 March 1811. ‘I still hope we may take our final departure from Malacca in April.... I bring Hope & Leyden with me [See Lord Minto in India, p.251] ... also Mr Seton, late President at Delhi, an admirable man, & now Governor of Prince of Wales Island.... You will be glad to find my friend Greig in this affair. He is placed at your disposal....’ Printed in Lady Raffles’ Memoir, pp: 26˗27. [Copy.] 14, p. 138: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 26 Feby 1812. ‘I will remind you also of the Reports I am anxious to obtain on Slavery ... with a view to eventual emancipation ....’ [Copy.] 15, pp. 139˗142 : Lord Minto to (Raffles). 28 Feby 1812. Concerning opium. [Copy.] 16, pp. 142˗153: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 12 May 1812. ‘Your Conduct has afforded the very highest satisfaction. I do not confine the sentiment to myself, for it is fully shared by all my colleagues ... and independent of the warm interest which I take, both on the score of friendship, and if I may say so, of partnership, in your credit, I derived great satisfaction from the confirmation of our hopes...’ Alo opium business, &c. [Copy.] 17, pp. 153˗156: Lord Minto to (Raffles). Calcutta, 25th May 1812. ‘If you should be superseded I trust and believe that you will be taken the best care of that circumstances admit... I do most cordially and deeply feel for your disappointment ....’ [Copy.] 18, p.157: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 8 Dec. l812. ‘I send you a printed paper of my discourse as Visitor of the College of Fort Wm I took that opportunity of doing justice ... to my own general sentiments concerning him (Dr Leyden).... I have also introduced a short and yery imperfect notice of Mr Horsefield for whom I have conceived a very high esteem ....’ [Copy.] 19, pp. 158˗163: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 9 Dec. 1812. ‘it would have been very desirable to have known precisely and certainly what your own wishes would point to in the event of supersession ... before the arrival of Genl Maitland in Bengal ... my aim will be to place you in charge of the Residency of Solo & the general Superintendence of the Eastern provinces .... I feel by sympathy, much as I had experimented the reverse myself.... The appointment was originally made by a temporary Authority, incompetent to ensure its permanence ....’ [Copy,] 20, p. 163: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 16 Dec. 1812. ‘Genl M. has I know made overtures to another Genl Officer to hold the 2d Military Station ....’ [Copy.] 21, pp. 163˗164: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 22d June 1813. ‘I am very grateful for the Great Stone .... Your 12 Caesars are placed on handsome Pedestals in the Marble Hall at Calcutta... Printed in Lady Raffles’ Memoir, pp. 188˗189. [Copy.] 22, pp. 165˗166: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 22d June 1813. ‘I learnt with great pleasure that you have determined to accept the Residency of Fort Marlbro’ ... I have therefore adopted the measure at once, of appointing you formally to Bencoolen to take effect on your being relieved from your present office, or resigning it ....’ [Copy.] 23, p. 166: Lord Minto to (Raffles). 24 June 1813. ‘We have recd the documents ... respecting the Courts of Solo and Djocjo Carte ….’ [Copy.] 24, pp. 167˗180: T. S. Raffles to the Chairman of the East India Company. Buitenzorg, Java, 13th February 1814. On the abolition of the systems of vassalage and monopoly; on the Eastern Islands; and on Japan. 25, pp. 181˗189: T. S. Raffles to Lord Minto. 2d Octr 1814. ‘Lord Moira is obviously desirous of screening Gillespie, and I am confident that If Assey had not gone to Bengal & in some measure pushed the Dispatches into notice, they would evidently have been allowed to be on the shelf ... many errors may have been committed, I am ready to admit ... the party espoused by Lord Moira is so violent, that much caution is necessary..., Of eventual success I am pretty confident altho’ I foresee much immediate danger and inconvenience.… We are now living quietly and half my salary is accumulating in Bengal. This tho’ a moderate provision will in a short period place within my reach a sufft capital, to undertake the voyage to England and to spend a year or two there ….’ 26, pp. 189˗190: Assey’s letter from Calcutta to Mr Raffles. On General Gillespie. [Extract.] 27, pp. 190˗197: Lord Minto to (Raffles). St Helena,12 March 1814. ‘… a hint that my Brother Mr Hugh Elliot, Governor of Barbadoes, might possibly be transferred to the Govt of Java.... I have mentioned these circumstances... to acquit myself of haviug sacrificed, or rather counteracted a public principle, which I have so often expressed, from affection even for a Brother ....’ [Copy.] 28, pp. 197˗203: (Raffles) to Lord Minto. 17 Sept. 1814. ‘The sale of lands, the measures regarding the Paper Currency... have been universally condemned˗˗the two first principally on the grounds urged by Genl Gillespie, and the latter in a general measure on the extraordinary assertions of Mr Robinson…. I am happy to say that I see my way tolerably clear, and that as the tide has turned, I feel perfectly confident of my ability to prove whenever necessary, that the? decisions have been premature. The faction that took up arms against me is no longer heard in Bengal, and the current Report is that I have gained a complete Victory.... A desire was expressed by Mr Tucker that I should proceed to Bengal˗˗had I done so I am satisfied that I should never have returned to resume my Station.... the Dutch will feel some difficulty in resuming possession ....’ 29, pp. 205˗216: (Raffles) to the Court of Directors. Fort Marlborough, the 10th April 1818. The pepper trade, &c. 30, pp. 217˗229: (Raffles) to the Secret Committee of the East India Company. Fort Marlbro’, the 10th April 1818. The spirit of exclusion which appears to animate the Dutch Commissioners; the possession of an anchorage in the Straits of Sunda; &c. 31, pp. 233˗248: (Raffles) to the Court of Directors. Fort Marlbro’, the 12th April 1818. On the Dutch taking possession of Padang and the effect on Bencoolen; the distracted state of Acheen; the French and Americans; the desirability of an establishment at Pulo Duo; &c. 32, pp. 249˗264: Correspondence of Captain Flint with the Dutch authorities on their refusal to allow him to proceed to Semarang. There are copies of six letters, dated from 22nd March to 8th April 1820. The gist of this correspondence is given in Lady Raffles’ Memoir, pp. 441˗443.33, pp. 267˗277: Correspondence of Sir T. S. Raffles with Baron Van der Capellan. Copies of three letters of June 1823, relating to the landing of Lady Raffles at Batavia and the objections of the Dutch authorities, who, however, finally grant permission. These three letters are printed in Lady Raffles’ Memoir, pp. 552˗554.34, pp. 279˗290: Charles Evans to Sir T. S. Raffles. Padang, Nov. 17th / 23. On missionary work and the difficulties at Padang. Encloses a vocabulary of Menang-kabau words. 35, pp. 291˗294: Charles Evans to Sir T. S. Raffles. Padang, March 23, 1824. On the Menangkabau language. 36, pp. 295˗302: Vocabulary of Menangkabau Words. 37, pp. 303˗312: A rough vocabulary, begins ‘this, ekōi,nē; that, eko-dda, nedda; here, kai, ka-shet-ne….’ 38, pp. 313˗376: History of Java. Begins, ‘This History of the Land of Java from the commencement to the conclusion, derives its origin from the anxious state of mind by which a lowly and ignorant Fakiyah [Fakīr] was oppressed till the 28th day of the Month Shahaban in the year Alif, when a gift from the Most High descended upon the said Fakiyah.…’ ‘We are told that a Rakshasa accompanied by his Wife went forth from the Forests, into the Country named Pājang; and created himself the ruler of that district. He adopted the name of Raja Bakā. This Raja Bakā and his wife were accustomed to devour daily forty human beings.... SiJāya put himself under the tuition of a Brahamāna possessing great supernatural power…. Sang Aji Jaya and the Brahamāna then proceeded to the Palace of Raja Bakā (whom they deposed by answering five riddles).... As soon as he (Bakā) was gone the Brahamāna and Sang Aji Jaya descended… called unto them all the People of the Country ... they issued orders …’ Then follow accounts of ‘SitongWanāra,’ ‘Brawijaya,’ ‘Radin Lambu Patang,’ ‘SarifIbrahim,’ ‘Fuang Alun,’ ‘Jabang Baya,’ ‘Nyai GadePinatch,’ ‘Susuhanan Mahhadum,’ &c. A portion of this document is given in 242, 8”--Provided by the British Library. (British Library shelfmark(s): Mss Eur C34)

 

Title
Raffles Collection I
Subject
Raffles, Thomas Stamford, Sir, 1781-1826--Correspondence
Singapore--History--1819-1867
1819-1826 Founding and early years
Publisher
1805 / 1824
Contributor
British Library
William and Judith Bollinger
Digital Description
application/pdf, 248368 KB
All rights reserved. The British Library, 2018

 

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