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Treaty of Pangkor, 20th June, 1874

This treaty was signed at Pangkor, off the Dindings, on 20th June, 1874. Under it the Federated Malay States came into being. The credit for this important step in the history of the Malay Peninsula is largely due to the governor of the time: Sir Andrew Clarke. The photo shows Sir Andrew Clarke, J.W.W. Birch, Resident of Perak (murdered a year later), F.A. Swettenham (afterwards governor), Major MC Callum, Captain Innes (afterwards killed in The Perak War), Captain Speedy, &c. at the signing of the treaty

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Digitised images, All rights reserved, National Library Board Singapore, 2021

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