Teo Eng Seng

by Soo, Jason

Teo Eng Seng (张永生)1 (b. 14 December 1938, Singapore–)2 was a recipient of the Cultural Medallion in 1986 for his contributions to visual arts.3 In 1960, The Singapore Free Press described Teo as “a youth who holds the record of being the first schoolboy in Singapore to hold a one-man art exhibition”.4 His invention of the paperdyesculp as a medium ranks as one of the most significant achievements of second-generation artists in Singapore.5

He has also extended his oeuvre to include both performance and installation art.6 Teo’s earliest works of the 1960s and 1970s had portrayed art as a form of a social statement. His most important contributions also lie in the area of art education and his advisory role to various art institutions and national committees.7 In his 70s, Teo converted part of his home on
Marshall Road to Muse House, an exhibition space where his collection and the works of other artists are showcased for free.8


Early life and education
Born the fourth of eight children, Teo was influenced by his photographer father, who encouraged his pursuit of the arts.9 When Teo was 17, he enrolled (with the help of his father) for an art class jointly organised by the Singapore Art Society and the British Council.10 As a result, Teo first exhibited his works at the British Council Hall when an exhibition was held for the students.11 He then went on to put up his first one-man art exhibition at the Pasir Panjang Secondary School art room when he was a form five student at the school in 1959.12

At the age of 19, carrying £25, Teo hitch-hiked through India, Pakistan and Europe to Britain with five other Sea Scouts.13 He then raised funds for his studies by working in a textile company, tyre factories and cleaning railroad bridges for two years.14 He continued to work in the day while attending night classes at the Central School of Arts and Crafts (now Central Saint Martin’s College of Art and Design) in London for two years. Then, he joined the Birmingham College of Art and Design where he graduated in 1968.15


Teo taught at schools in the United Kingdom before returning to Singapore in 1971, following which he became an art master at the United World College of Southeast Asia,16 where he was a key figure in organising its annual arts festival, an important platform for contemporary art exhibitions in venue-scarce Singapore at the time.17


Career
An inventive and prolific artist, Teo has produced numerous works and participated in many exhibitions.18 His artistic style is an emotive resonance with the broader environment he has lived in.19 Constance Sheares referred to him as one of ‘The Early Abstractionists’, alongside other artists such as Cheong Soo Pieng, Thomas Yeo, Goh Beng Kwan and Anthony Poon.20 While Teo likes to experiment with different medium such as oil painting and plastic waste, the second-generation Singapore artist is most recognised for his invention of the medium of “paperdyesculp” – dyed paper mache shaped into artworks.21

Advocating art and nurturing the local art scene are among Teo’s priorities.22 He taught art at the United World College for 25 years until 1996 when he became a full-time artist.23 In 2006, he converted his family photo studio at Holland Village into a gallery to showcase local artworks.24 While there, he organised a series of five exhibitions to challenge the second-generation artists to break new grounds.25 Then in 2008, he transformed his
Peranakan home in Katong into Muse House to hold exhibitions of his works and those of second-generation artists and new artists for free.26 As part of his continual effort to promote and nurture new artists, Teo organised an exhibition for an emerging artist, Tumadi Patri, at DLR Gallery@Muse House in 2014.27 He has also mentored artists like Sunny Chyun, winner of the 2017 UOB Painting of the Year (Singapore) Award.28 He has also served in various art committees to advise on art directions.29

Education
1955–59: Education at St Anthony’s Boy School/Pasir Panjang Secondary School.30
1955–57: Attends art lessons at British Council, Singapore.31
1961–63: Studies at Central School of Arts and Crafts, London.32
1963–67: Studies at Birmingham College of Art and Design, England, attains Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Painting (Birmingham).33
1967–68: Studies at School of Art Education, Birmingham College of Art & Design, attains Art Teacher’s Diploma and Post-Graduate Certificate of Education (Birmingham University).34

Employment history
1968–69: Art master, Riland-Bedford School, Sutton Coldfield, England.35
1969–71: Deputy head, art department, and in-charge of creative photography and film making, Shoreditch School, London.36
1971: Teaches art at Singapore International School (now known as United World College of South East Asia), Singapore.37
1977: Acting head of art department, United World College of South East Asia, Singapore.38
1978–96: Head of art department, United World College of South East Asia, Singapore.39

Solo exhibitions 
1959: An Exhibition of Paintings & Drawings by Teo Eng Seng, Pasir Panjang Secondary School, Singapore, 13–15 August.40
1981: Turning Point: An Exhibition of Paperdyesculp, Paintings and Mixed Media Cculptures, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 17–31 October.41

1988: On the Other Side of Silence (OTOSOS), Camden Arts Centre, London, 8–24 April.42

1989: Humanity Nurturing Humanity, a performance-exhibition-dialogue in the vicinity of the Tate Gallery, London; Tate Gallery, Liverpool; Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; Museum & Art Gallery, Birmingham; the Artists’ Village, Singapore.43
1997:
Running-In: An Art Exhibition of Recent Paperdyesculp,
The Substation
, Singapore, 22 May–1 June.44
2005: Cute. Serious. Smart. Adorable, DLR Gallery, Singapore, 2–10 July.45
2008: Works Spanning 50 Years, Muse House, Singapore, 17–27 July.46
2009: Large Paintings Reworked, DLR Gallery, Singapore.47
2011: Experiential Recalls (Cultural Medallion grant exhibition), Muse House, Singapore, 10 –24 April 2011.48
2013: Why Paint? An Exhibition of Recent Works by Teo Eng Seng, DLR Gallery, Singapore.49
2016: The Net: Most Definitely the Singapore River, Keppel Centre for Art Education, National Gallery Singapore, 10–11 September.50

Selected group exhibitions
1961: Two-man exhibition (with Soh Hiap Chin), Victoria Memorial Hall, Singapore.
51
1971–88: Annual Festival of the Arts, United World College of South East Asia, Singapore.52
1976: National Museum Art Gallery Inaugural Exhibition, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, from 21 August;53 Colour, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 2–31 October.54
1977–80: Annual Exhibition, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore.55
1977: Selection, Alpha Gallery, Singapore.56
1978: Alpha Group 78, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 24 November–3 December.57
1979: 30th Anniversary Commemorative Art Exhibition, Singapore Art Society, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, Ma;58 Contemporaries 79, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 12–25 September.59
1980: National Day Art Exhibition, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 16–18 Augus;60 Painters 80, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 19–30 September;61 1st Contemporary Asian Art Show, Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan, 1–30 November.
62
1980–88: Singapore Festival of Arts (later known as Singapore Arts Festival), National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore.63
1981: Asian Christian Art, Orchard Road Presbyterian Church, Singapore, 17–27 March;64 Contemporary Art, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 19–30 September.65
1982: Painting of the Year Competition (organised by the Ministry of Culture and United Overseas Bank Group), National Museum, Singapore, 15–25 July;66 Celebration, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 23 July–7 August;67 ASEAN Travelling Exhibitions of Painting and Photography.68
1983: Painting of the Year Competition (organised by the Ministry of Culture and United Overseas Bank Group), National Museum, Singapore;69 New Images (organised by the Modern Art Society of Singapore), National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, till 27 July.70
1984: ASEAN Travelling Exhibitions of Painting and Photography;71 Inspiration, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, 19 June–2 Jul;72 Federal Territories Celebration, National Museum, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July;73 Painting of the Year Competition (organised by United Overseas Bank Group), National Museum, Singapore, 19–25 October;74 25 Years of Art in Singapore: 1984 National Day Art Exhibition, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 17–31 August.75
1985: ASEAN Travelling Exhibitions of Painting and Photography;76 Singapore art for Japan Festival, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 16–25 September;77 2nd
Contemporary Asian Art Show
, Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan, 2 November–1 December;78 35th Anniversary Exhibition, Singapore Art Society, Modern Art Museum, Taiwan.79
1986: 8a: An Exhibition of Contemporary Art, Alpha Gallery, Singapore, c. 18–31 January;80 Exhibition of Recent Acquisitions, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, c. 22 August–10 September.81
1987: New Directions, Modern Art Society, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, c. 19–23 August;82 Centenary Art Exhibition, National Museum, Singapore, 24 October–15 November.83
1988: Inaugural Exhibitions: P. S. Teo, Photographer; Glimpses of Teo Eng Seng’s Latest Works, DLR The Centre For The Arts, Singapore, 24 February–6 March;84 Masterpieces from Private Collections, Singapore Festival of Arts, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 2 June–3 July.85
1989: 3rd Contemporary Asian Art Show, Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan, 6 July–13 August;86 Yokohama Museum of Art, Japan, 3 November–15 December; Modern Art Museum, Seoul, South Korea;87 The Drawing Show, The Artists Village, Singapore, 10–31 December.88
1989–90: The Time Show, The Artists Village, Singapore, 31 December 1989–1 January 1990.89
1990: Modem Art Travels East-West: Art from Corporate Collections in Singapore and the Netherlands, Beurs/World Trade Centre, Rotterdam, 7–24 June; Empress Place Museum, Singapore, 10–26 August;90 Singapore Art Fair 90, World Trade Centre Exhibition Hall 2, Singapore, 3–12 August;91 Urban Artists: 25 Years of Singapore Art, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 18 August–2 September;92 Singapore Artists Speak, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 28 July–2 August.93

1989–91: Contemporary Art in Singapore: “Where East Meets West”, Tropenmusuem, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, October 1989; Deutsche Bank AG, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Nuernburg, and Mannheimer Kunstverein, Mannheim, Groningen, all from February–December 1990; Hunterian Art Gallery, Glasgow, Scotland, 20 April–22 June 1991.95
1991–93: Many in One: 25 Years of Art from Singapore (organised by National Museum of Singapore and Meridien House International, Washington, D.C.), National Museum, Singapore, c. 28–31 March; Toured the United States from June 1991.95
1991: Change: 20 Singapore Artists – A Decade of Their Work, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 16–28 July;96 Sculpture in Singapore, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 16 November–15 December.97
1992: ASEAN Selection, Singapore Festival of Arts, National Museum, Singapore, 5–25 June.98

1993: Singapore Artists, Singapore Art Fair 93, World Trade Centre Expo Hall 3, Singapore, 28 July–1 August;99 Singapore: Places, Poems, Painting, National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 3–8 August;100 Strategies: An Exhibition of Artworks by Seven Outstanding Contemporary Singapore Artists, Takashimaya Gallery, Singapore, 8–19 October.101
1994: Singapore Showcase, Tresors d’Art: Asian International Contemporary Art Fair, World Trade Centre, Singapore, 28 October–2 November.102

1995: Exhibition of Contemporary Art of the Non-Aligned Countries, The National Art Gallery, Jakarta, Indonesia, 28–30 April.103
1997: Singapore Art 97, Singapore International Convention & Exhibition Centre, Singapore, 29 August–2 September.104
1998: Second Nature: Cityscapes of Singapore, Central Plaza, Hong Kong;105 Kalang-Guni Art Exhibition, Federation of Art Societies, Singapore, 3–31 October;106 President’s Charity Art Exhibition, Tourism Court, Singapore, 24 October–8 November.107
1998–99: Imaging Selves, Singapore Art Museum Collection Exhibition Series, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore, 6 April–31 October;108 Tomorrow’s Realism – a multi-dimensional art event, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, 12 December 1998–31 January 1999.109
1999: Provocative Things, Sculpture Square, Singapore, 22 October–15 December;110President’s Charity Art Exhibition, Far East Square Pavilion, Singapore, 18–23 December.111
1999–2000: Telok Kurau Studios 2000, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, 15 December 1999–31 January 2000.112
2000: Alpha Revival, DP Space, Singapore, c. November;113 ArtPower 2000, MITA ARTrium, Singapore, 17–23 November.114
2000–01: Landscape in Southeast Asian Paintings, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore, 10 October 2000–16 December 2001.115
2001: New Creation, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, c. 27 January–31 March;116 Pulp Friction: Materials in Contemporary Art, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore, 12 September–18 November.117
2001–02: The Spirit Within: An Exhibition of Recent Works by 30 Telok Kurau Studios Artists, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, 9 December 2001–6 January 2002;118 Nokia Singapore Art, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore, 8 December 2001–3 February 2002.119
2002: Contemporary Asian Art Fair, Suntec City, Singapore, 11–15 October;120 Origins – An Exhibition by Five Top Second Generation Artists, Sunjin Galleries, Singapore, 14–30 November;121 Telok Kurau Studios 2002, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, 9 December.122
2002–04: South and Southeast Asian Gallery Inaugural Exhibition, NUS Museums, Singapore, 26 Feb 2002–May 2004.123
2003: See It. Feel It. Love It. Recent Works by Ho Ho Ying and Teo Eng Seng, TKS Art Gallery, Singapore, 31 October–9 November.124
2003–04: Change, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, 11 December 2003–4 January 2004.125
2004–05: Crossroads: Collective Works of 2nd Generation Artists, Ng Eng Teng Gallery, NUS Museums, Singapore, 24 July 2004–July 2005.126
2005: Old, Nostalgic, Sentimental, Beautiful, DLR Gallery, Singapore, 3–28 January;127 Celebration, Telok Kurau Studios, Singapore, c. 8–29 August;128 Seventies, Art-2 Gallery, Singapore;129 A Different Light Works from Selected Collections, National Library Building, Singapore;130 New Works: Exciting and Thought-Provoking, Telok Kurau Studios Gallery, Singapore;131 Contemporary 2005, Angkatan Pelukis Aneka Daya, ARTrium@MICA, Singapore, 6–9 December.132
2006: Encounters: Southeast Asian Art in Singapore Art Museum Collection, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, 31 August–10 September;133 Important Second-Generation Artists Series 4, DLR Gallery, Singapore, 29 September–15 October.134
Jul 2009: 第二代画家联展 [Second-Generation Artists Group Exhibition], Black Earth Art Museum.135
2009: Life Journeys, An Exhibition of Drawings in the Prison Cell by Teo Soh Lung and D Cell, a Collection of Small Sculptures by Teo Eng Seng, DLR Gallery, Singapore.136
10–24 Apr 2011: Experiential Recalls, Muse House.137
2013–16: A Changed World: Singapore Art 1950s–1970s, National Museum of Singapore.138
2015–16: A New Horizon, China Cultural Centre, Singapore. 21 November 2015–3 January 2016.139
2016: The Singapore Art Show, Artspace@Helutrans, 29 September–9 October.140
Jun 2017: Karang Guni Uncles project, Sungei Road.141
2019: Awakenings: Art in Society in Asia 1960s1990s, National Gallery Singapore, 14 June–15 September 2019.142


(Note: Exact exhibition titles, location and duration are provided wherever possible. In many instances, however, such information is lacking and therefore omitted in the respective entries.)

Commissions
1998–2003: Commuters – wall mural at Outram Park Mass Rapid Transit Station, North East Line, Art in Transit programme, Land Transport Authority.143

Awards and achievements
1964–68: Major County Education Award, Warwickshire County Council, England.144
1982: Third prize, UOB Painting of the Year Competition, Singapore.145
1983: Special award, “New Images”, Modern Art Society, Singapore;146 Third prize, UOB Painting of the Year Competition, Singapore.147
1984: First prize, UOB Painting of the Year Competition (Abstract Category), Singapore.148
1986: Cultural Medallion, Singapore government.149
1987: Long service award, Visual Arts Advisory Committee, Ministry of Community Development, Singapore.150
1989: Fine Art Fellow,Birmingham Institute of Art & Design, England.151
1997: Pingat APAD, Angkatan Pelukis Aneka Daya, Singapore.152
1999: International Order of Merit, for services to art and art exhibition, IBC Cambridge, United Kingdom.153
2004: Da Vinci Diamond, IBC Cambridge, United Kingdom.154
2006: Special recognition award, Ministry of Information, Communication and the Arts, Singapore.155
2010: Gold Medal for Singapore, Contribution to Country and Its People, ABI – USA.156

Other art-related activities
1986: Member, Committee on Visual Arts, Advisory Council on Culture & the Arts, Ministry of Community Development, Singapore.157
1986: Vice-president, Modern Art Society.158
1986–91: Member, Visual Arts Advisory Committee, Ministry of Community Development, Singapore.159
1987: Member, International Baccalaureate Curriculum Board’s Art/Design Subject Committee, Geneva, Switzerland.160
1992–: Member, Panel of Arts Advisers, National Arts Council, Singapore.161
2006–08: Arts advisor, National Arts Council, Singapore.162

Family
Father: Teo Chong Khim163
Wife: Diana164
Siblings: Four brothers and three sisters – Poh Seng, Yeow Seng (Yau Seng), Choon Lan (Choon Lung), Soh Lung, Siew Lung.165




Author
Jason Soo



References
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45. Chow, C. (2005, July 2). Ah Long journey. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
46. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf; Leong, W. K. (2008, July 17). Home is where the art is. The Straits Times, p. 53. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
47. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
48. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf; Teo, E. S. (2011).Experiential recalls. Singapore: Teo Eng Seng. (RSING 709.2 TEO)
49. DLR Gallery. (2005). Events at a glance: 2013 events. Retrieved 2016, November 17 from DLR Gallery website: http://www.dlrgallery.com/events/2013/09.html
50. Loh, J. (Interviewer). (2018, April 21). Evoking the Southeast Asian Contemporary: The United World College Arts Festivals 1972–84. Retrieved 2020, March 30 from National Gallery Singapore website: https://www.nationalgallery.sg/magazine/evoking-southeast-asian-contemporary-teo-eng-seng-conversation-joleen-loh
51. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
52. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
53. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); ASEAN selection: National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 5–25 June 1992. (1992). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING 759.959 ASE)
54. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
55. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
56. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
57. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
58. Singapore Art Society. (1979). 30th anniversary art exhibition opened by Dr. Ow Chin Hock, the Parliamentary Secretary of the Ministry of Culture at the National Museum Art Gallery, May 1979. Singapore: Author. (Call no.: RCLOS 706.05957 SIN)
59. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE); Contemporaries ’79. (1979, September 11). The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
60. National Day art exhibition. (1980). Singapore: Ministry of Culture. (Call no.: RCLOS 759.95957 NDAEC-[YOS])
61. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
62. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
63. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
64. Show that’s noted for theme, sculptures. (1981, March 16). New Nation, p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
65. Page 2 Miscellaneous column 2: Contemporary Art. (1981, September 19). The Straits Times, p. 2; Sabapathy, T. K. (1981, September 29). Going for groups. The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
66. Frame maker’s collage wins 1st prize. (1982, May 26). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
67. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
68. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
69. ASEAN exhibition of paintings and photographs, 1982: Landscape in contemporary art forms. (1982). Kuala Lumpur: ASEAN, p. 158. (Call no.: RSING 759.959074 ASE)
70. Going beyond the accepted. (1983, July 25). The Business Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
71. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
72. Sullivan, K. (1984, June 26). Positive and exuberant. The Straits Times, p. 8; Page 9 miscellaneous column 3: Alpha Gallery. (1984, June 20). The Straits Times, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
73. Koh, B. S. (Ed.). (1993). Singapore: Places, poems, paintings. Singapore: Art and Artist Speak, p. 197. (Call no.: RART q700.95957 SIN)
74. UOB Painting of the Year. (1984, August 22). The Business Times, p. 16. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
75. Chia, W. H. (1984). 25 years of art in Singapore: 1984 National Day art exhibition at National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore. Singapore: Ministry of Culture. (Call no.: RSING 759.95957 TWE); Triumphs and tribulations, in strokes and splashes. (1984, August 9). The Business Times, p. 12. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
76. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
77. DLR The Centre for the Arts. (1988). Inaugural exhibitions, P. S. Teo, photographer, glimpses of Teo Eng Seng’s latest works, 24 February–6 March 1988 [Brochure]. Singapore: Author; Sabapathy, T. K. (1985, September 16). Profound visions of vitality. The Straits Times, p. 19. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
78. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
79. A collection of paintings in commemoration of the 35th anniversary of the Singapore Art Society 1985. (1985). Singapore: The Society, p. 74. (Call no.: RSING q759.95957 COL)
80. Sabapathy, T. K. (1986, January 18). Modernism is well and alive in Singapore. The Straits Times, p. 23. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
81. Sabapathy, T. K. (1986, August 22). Gallery’s promise. The Straits Times, p. 31. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
82. Khor, C. (1987, August 19). Art show with the world in mind. The Straits Times, p. 27; Savage, C. (1987, July 18). Coffee-table book offers pleasing sights sans insights. The Business Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
83. Sabapathy, T. K. (1987, October 26). Old friends and new acquaintances. The Straits Times, p. 22; Shell’s $20,000 gift to museum. (1987, October 20). The Straits Times, p. 14. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
84. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Sabapathy, T. K. (1988, February 25). Eng Seng’s paper extensions of himself. The Straits Times, p. 23. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
85. Masterpieces from private collections. (1988). Singapore: The Museum. (Call no.: RSING q709.5957 MAS); Private masterpieces on show. (1988, June 3). The Straits Times, p. 33. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
86. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Asian Artists Exhibition. (1989). 3rd Asian art show, Fukuoka. Fukuoka City: Fukuoka Art Museum. (Call no.: RDTSH 759.95 ASI); Fukuoka Asian Art Museum. (n.d.). History of the Fukuoka Asian Art Museum. Retrieved 2016, December 2 from Fukuoka Asian Art Museum website: http://faam.city.fukuoka.lg.jp/eng/about/abt_history.html
87. Koh, B. S. (Ed.). (1993). Singapore: Places, poems, paintings. Singapore: Art and Artist Speak, p. 197. (Call No.: RART q700.95957 SIN)
88. Sabapathy, T. K. (1989, December 9). Drawing on talents rarely on display. The Straits Times, p. 24. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Koh, N. H. (n.d.). A brief chronology of the Artists Village. Retrieved 2016, November 18 from Internet Archives website: https://web.archive.org/web/20151218094643/http://www.tav.org.sg/files/AChronologyofTheArtistsVillage-1.pdf
89. Koh, N. H. (n.d.). A brief chronology of the Artists Village. Retrieved 2016, November 18 from Internet Archives website: https://web.archive.org/web/20151218094643/http://www.tav.org.sg/files/AChronologyofTheArtistsVillage-1.pdf
90. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
91. Sasitharan, T. (1990, August 2). Gallery. The Straits Times, p. 7; Jayanti, K. (1990, August 4). Exhibitions. The Business Times, p. 30. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
92.  Museum’s art gallery re-opens today with special display. (1990, August 17). The Straits Times, p. 27. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Urban artists: 25 years of Singapore art. (1990). Singapore: National Museum, p. 13. (Call no.: RSING 708.95957 URB)
93. Sasitharan, T. (1990, July 26). Gallery. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
94. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991).
Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); ASEAN selection: National Museum Art Gallery, Singapore, 5–25 June 1992. (1992). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING 759.959 ASE)
95. Many in one: 25 years of art from Singapore. (1991). Singapore: National Museum. (Call no.: RSING 759.95957 MAN); Sabapathy, T. K. (1991, March 28). Modes of change. The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
96. Page 10 miscellaneous column 1. (1991, July 13). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
97. Sabapathy, T. K. (1991). Sculpture in Singapore. Singapore: National Museum, p. 27. (Call no.: RSING 730.95957 SAB); Singapore sculpture. (1991, November 15). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
98. Sabapathy, T. K. (2011). Teo Eng Seng: Art and thoughts. Singapore: Ethos Books, p. 135. (Call no.: RSING 709.2 TEO)
99. Page 22 advertisements column 1. (1993, July 28). The Straits Times, p. 22; Fingerwork. (1993, July 29). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
100. Koh, B. S. (Ed.). (1993). Singapore: Places, poems, paintings. Singapore: Art and Artist Speak, p. 197. (Call no.: RART q700.95957 SIN); Sabapathy, T. K. (1993, August 2). Easy on the eye. The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
101. Wong, S. (1993, October 8). Takashimaya Gallery opens with 7 top names. The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
102. Leong, W. K. (1994, October 21). Tresors fair to feature works by some of Singapore’s best artists. The Straits Times, p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
103. Singapore and Indonesia to launch more joint cultural projects. (1995, April 5). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
104. Ho, J. (1997, August 28). When 3-D art looks better than 2-D. The Straits Times, p. 2; [Page 2 advertisements column 2]. (1997, August 28). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
105. National Arts Council, National Heritage Board and Singapore Tourism Board. (2005). Ingression, Impression: A foray into the visual arts in Singapore [CD-ROM]. Singapore: Multimedia People. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 ING)
106. Oon, C. (1998, October 4). I can turn junk into a work of art. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
107. Tan, S. E. (1998, October 24). From stone age to new age. The Straits Times, p. 3; Tan, S. E. (1998, November 4). Don’t shrink away from the man in the mirror. The Straits Times, p. 4; What’s on. (1998, October 31). The Business Times, p. 22. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
108. Imaging selves: Singapore Art Museum collection exhibition series 1998–1999. (1998). Singapore: Singapore Art Museum. (Call no.: RSING 759.95 IMA); [Page 13 miscellaneous column 3]. (1999, April 6). The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved NewspaperSG.
109. See works of art in toilet, drains and other corners. (1998, December 12). The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
110. Sabapathy T. K. (1999). Provocative things: A 3-dimensional experience in Singapore. Singapore: Sculpture Square, p. 41. (Call no.: RSING 730.95957 SAB); Jay, S. E. (1999, November 2). Facing up to artistic space. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
111. Nayar, P. (1999, December 18). Art with a heart. The Business Times, p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
112. Jay, S. E. (1999, December 3). Hello, come and be bowled over. The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
113. Jay, S. E. (2000, November 3). Remembrance of art past. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
114. Cheah, U. H. (2000, November 18). Views of 2nd-generation S’pore artists. The Business Times, p. 24. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
115. Cheah, U. H. (2000, October 28). Land marks. The Business Times, p. 21. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
116. Purushothaman, V. (2001, January 27). New creation lacks energy. The Business Times, p. 19. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
117. Chow, C. (2001, September 12). High tension. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
118. Telok Kurau Studios. (2001). Telok Kurau Studios 2001. Singapore: The Studios. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 TKS)
119. National Arts Council, National Heritage Board and Singapore Tourism Board. (2005). Ingression, Impression: A foray into the visual arts in Singapore [CD-ROM]. Singapore: Multimedia People. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 ING); Sim, A. (2001, December 8). Art that will Nokia off your feet. The Straits Times, pp. 6–7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
120. Lee, J. (2002, August 23). Paper, glass, soul. Today, p. 32. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
121. Suhaila Sulaiman. (2002, November 14). Abstract origins. The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
122. Telok Kurau Studios. (2002). Telok Kurau Studios 2002. Singapore: The Studios. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 TKS) [page of Grand opening ceremony message for Mr Kwee Liong Keng]
123. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (2002). Past, present, beyond: Re-nascence of an art collection. Singapore: NUS Museum, (page facing title page). (Call no.: RSING q709.5 PAS)
124. [Page 10 miscellaneous column 5]. (2003, November 3). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (2003). See it, feel it, love it: Art derived from Chinese calligraphy: Recent works by Ho Ho Ying and Teo Eng Seng. Singapore: Modern Art Society, pp. 22–25. (Call no.: RSING 745.619951074 SEE)
125. Telok Kurau Studios. (2003). Telok Kurau Studios 2003. Singapore: The Studios. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 TKS)
126. Crossroads: The making of new identities. (2004). Singapore: NUS Museums, National University of Singapore, p. 69. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CRO)
127. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf; [Page 8 miscellaneous column 1]. (2005, January 3). The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
128. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf; [Page 8 miscellaneous column 1]. (2005, August 8). The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
129. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
130. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
131. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
132. Pelukis pelapis bervisi. (2005, December 29). Berita Harian, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
133. Kwok, K. C., & Fan, D. (Eds.). (2006). Encounters: Southeast Asian art in Singapore Art Museum collection. Naning Shi: Guangxi Meishu Chuban, p. 135. (Call no.: RSING 759.9590904 ENC); National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
134. Chow, C. (2006, June 27). Come on, break new ground. The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
135. 吴启基 [Wu, Q. J.] (2009, July 9).39名第二代画家联展 3000岁的美丽面容 [39 second-generation artists group exhibition: The beautiful face of 3000 years of age]. 联合早报  [Lianhe Zaobao], p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
136. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
137. What’s up this week… and the weeks ahead. (2011, April 15). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
138. Arts picks. (2014, March 7). The Straits Times, p. 10; Huang, L. (2014, February 5).Old-timers’ works trace history of art. The Straits Times, p.8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
139. Leong, W. K. (2015, November 22).Art boost for Sino-S’pore cultural exchange. The Straits Times, p. 21. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
140. Quek, B. (2016, October 7).The good and the bad from The Singapore Art Show. Today, p. 66. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
141. Lim, F. (2017, June 19).Artists make a pitch for flea market. The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
142. Toh, W. L. (2019, June 11). A critique of tough times. The Straits Times. Retrieved 2020, April 16 from The Straits Times website: https://www.straitstimes.com/lifestyle/arts/a-critique-of-tough-times
143. Art Outreach Singapore Limited. (n.d.). Art in transit tour highlights. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from the Land Transport Authority website: https://www.lta.gov.sg/content/dam/ltagov/news/press/2008/2008-11-28_AIT_Highlights.pdf
144. National Arts Council, National Heritage Board and Singapore Tourism Board. (2005). Ingression, Impression: A foray into the visual arts in Singapore [CD-ROM]. Singapore: Multimedia People. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 ING)
145. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Contemporary art in Singapore: Where East meets West. (1989). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING q709.595707441443 CON)
146. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Contemporary art in Singapore: Where East meets West. (1989). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING q709.595707441443 CON)
147. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Contemporary art in Singapore: Where East meets West. (1989). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING q709.595707441443 CON)
148. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA); Contemporary art in Singapore: Where East meets West. (1989). Singapore: National Museum (Unpaginated). (Call no.: RSING q709.595707441443 CON); National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
149. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
150. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
151. Sabapathy, T. K. (Ed.). (1991). Change: 20 Singapore artists: A decade of their work. Singapore: P. Mowe, p. 25. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CHA)
152. Wong, S., & Poh, L. (Eds.). (2001). Histories, identities, technologies, spaces: Singapore art today (Vol. 1). Singapore: National Arts Council, [artist biodata, no page number]. (Call no.: RSING q759.95957 HIS)
153. Wong, S., & Poh, L. (Eds.). (2001). Histories, identities, technologies, spaces: Singapore art today  Vol. 1). Singapore: National Arts Council, [artist biodata, no page number]. (Call no.: RSING q759.95957 HIS); Sabapathy, T. K. (2011). Teo Eng Seng: Art and thoughts. Singapore: Ethos Books, p. 156. (Call no.: RSING 709.2 TEO); National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
154. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
155. National Arts Council. (2016). Singapore’s visual artists: Part 5 – artists (T to Z), pp. 505–506. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:554ae9a7-fe43-48f6-b8e6-1258d413afc4/SVA_Part%205%20(Artists%20T-Z).pdf
156. Sabapathy, T. K. (2011). Teo Eng Seng: Art and thoughts. Singapore: Ethos Books, p. 156. (Call no.: RSING 709.2 TEO)
157. Singapore Art Society. (1989). Contemporary Singapore artists. Singapore: Author, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CON)
158. Singapore Art Society. (1989). Contemporary Singapore artists. Singapore: Author, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CON)
159. Singapore Art Society. (1989). Contemporary Singapore artists. Singapore: Author, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 709.5957 CON)
160. Thang, K. H., et al. (1987). New directions 1980–1987: Modern paintings in Singapore. Singapore: Horizon Pub., p. 31. (Call no.: RSING 759.95957 NEW)
161. Goh, J. (1992, July 24). 16-artist panel formed to help arts council. The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
162. National Arts Council. (2007). State of the arts: National Arts Council annual report FY 2006/07, p. 50. Retrieved 2020, May 4 from National Arts Council Singapore website: https://www.nac.gov.sg/naccorp/dam/jcr:6cc29973-7b7c-48eb-a3fd-3bf62b59d616
163. Lee, A. (1960, October 13). Schoolboy with a dream to be art teacher. The Singapore Free Press, p. 6. Retrieved from NewsapaperSG.
164. Chow, C. (2005, July 2). Ah Long journey. The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
165. Lee, A. (1960, October 13). Schoolboy with a dream to be art teacher. The Singapore Free Press, p. 6; Tan, C. (2011, April 18). Still climbing at 72. The Straits Times, p. 4; Leong, W. K. (2006, August 17). A sanctuary for art. The Straits Times, p. 4.Retrieved from NewsapaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at May 2020 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

Subject
Artists--Singapore--Biography
Painters (Art)
Award winners--Singapore--Biography
Cultural Medallion Recipients (Art)
Arts>>Painting
Personalities>>Biographies>>Artists>>Cultural Medallion Recipients
Visual Arts
Teo, Eng Seng, 1938--Biography
Award winners