Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus

Convent of the Holy Infant Jesus (CHIJ) is the oldest Catholic girls’ school in Singapore. Founded in 1854 by the French sisters of the Congregation of the Holy Infant Jesus, the school was established at the corner of Bras Basah Road and Victoria Street (present site of CHIJMES). It moved to Toa Payoh in 1983, and henceforth the primary and secondary sections were renamed CHIJ Primary (Toa Payoh) and CHIJ Secondary (Toa Payoh).

Sam Kiang Huay Kwan

Sam Kiang Huay Kwan, a Chinese clan association for the sanjiang community, first started as the Sam Kiang Public Office in 1906 before changing to its current name in 1927. It has made contributions to education in Singapore through ...

Singapore Hainan Hwee Kuan

The Singapore Hainan Hwee Kuan (新加坡海南会馆) was founded in 1854 by clan members from Qiongzhou (琼州, Kiungchow in Chinese dialect) county in Hainan province, China. Previously known as Kiung Chow Hwee Kuan (琼州会馆), the clan association ...

Singapore Citizenship Ordinance of 1957

Introduced in 1957, the Singapore Citizenship Ordinance marked the nation’s first step in establishing the national identity of its people as Singapore citizens. It allowed citizenship for those born in Singapore or the Federation ...

Singapore’s separation from Malaysia

On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia. Even before ...

National Library (1980–1995)

Between 1980 and 1995, the National Library embarked on the computerisation of its library operations and services. To keep abreast with the information technology (IT) revolution, new audiovisual, multimedia and online services were ...

Choy Weng Yang

Choy Weng Yang (b. 1936, Singapore–) is an artist, curator, art writer and educator. As one of Singapore’s prominent second-generation artists, Choy’s works embody a distinctive style of abstract expressionism and exploration of colours. ...

Lien Shih Sheng

Lien Shih Sheng (连士升) (b. 24 May 1907, Fujian, China–d. 9 July 1973, Singapore) was an influential pioneer writer and news editor. His works span multiple genres such as travelogues, commentaries and biographies. Lien is best remembered ...

Extension of library services (1953–1995)

In support of Singapore’s educational and cultural development, part-time branch libraries were started by the Raffles Library in the 1950s, with the first of these set up at Upper Serangoon in 1953. Stocked with books for juniors ...

Design, Build and Sell Scheme

The Design, Build and Sell Scheme (DBSS) was announced on 7 March 2005 in Parliament by then Minister for National Development Mah Bow Tan. The scheme aimed to involve the private sector in building public housing and create a public ...

Ruth Wong

Ruth Wong Hie King (b. 10 June 1918, Singapore–d. 1 February 1982, Singapore) is widely regarded as a pioneer educator who transformed teacher training in Singapore. Wong was the first female principal of the Teachers’ Training College ...