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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is NewspaperSG?

    NewspaperSG is an online resource of current and historic Singapore and Malaya newspapers. You can search our digital archive of newspapers published between 1831-2009, or find information on over 200 newspaper titles in the National Library's microfilm collection.

  2. How do I search the digitised newspaper collection?

    Enter your keyword(s) in the search box. The search engine will retrieve articles containing all of your search terms.

    To search an exact phrase, place quotation marks around your search terms, for example "Singapore River".

    You can use also the Boolean operator OR to expand your search. E.g. kampong OR kampung will retrieve articles containing the words kampong or kampung.

    Alternatively, you can use the Boolean operator NOT to narrow your search. E.g. kallang NOT airport will retrieve articles about Kallang but not Kallang Airport.

  3. What is Fuzzy Search?

    By default, the search engine will look for results that exactly match your search term/s.

    If you do not get many results, you may choose to do a fuzzy search instead. Fuzzy searching will find a word even if it is misspelled. It can be very useful when searching text generated using OCR software, as there are varying levels of accuracy depending on the quality of the original newspaper or microfilm. For example, a fuzzy search for singapore will find sincapore or sinoapore.

  4. Why are there mistakes in the article extract?

    The searchable newspaper text that appears in the article extract has been automatically generated using OCR software. Optical Character Recognition or OCR is a process by which software reads a page image and translates it into a text file by recognising the shapes of the letters (The NINCH Guide to Good Practice in the Digital Representation and Management of Cultural Heritage Materials). OCR enables searching of large quantities of full-text data, but it is never 100% accurate. The level of accuracy depends on the print quality of the original newspaper, its condition at the time of microfilming, and the level of detail captured by the microfilm scanner. Newspapers with poor quality paper, small print, mixed fonts, multiple column layouts, or damaged pages may have poor OCR accuracy.

  5. What are the titles in the digitised newspaper collection?

      Newspaper Issues Digitised Full article available from home* Full article available from multimedia stations at NLB libraries
    5.1 Berita Harian/Minggu 1957 - 2008 1957 - 1989 1957 - 2008
    5.2 The Business Times 1976 - 2009 1976 - 1989 1976 - 2009
    5.3 Daily Advertiser 1890 - 1894 1890 - 1894 1890 - 1894
    5.4 Eastern Daily Mail and Straits Morning Advertiser 1905 - 1907 1905 - 1907 1905 - 1907
    5.5 Kabar Slalu 1924 1924 1924
    5.6 联合晚报(Lianhe Wanbao) 1983 - 2009 1983 - 1989 1983 - 2009
    5.7 联合早报(Lianhe Zaobao) 1983 - 2009 1983–1989 1983 - 2009
    5.8 Malayan Saturday Post 1924 - 1933 1924 - 1933 1924 - 1933
    5.9 Mid - day Herald 1895 - 1898 1895 - 1898 1895 - 1898
    5.10 南洋商报 (Nanyang Siang Pau) 1923 - 1983 1923 - 1983 1923 - 1983
    5.11 New Nation 1971 - 1982 1971 - 1982 1971 - 1982
    5.12 The New Paper 1988 - 2009 1988 - 1989 1988 - 2009
    5.13 星洲日報(Sin Chew Jit Poh) 1979 - 1983 1979 - 1983 1979 - 1983
    5.14 Singapore Chronicle and Commercial Register 1831 - 1837 1831 - 1837 1831 - 1837
    5.15 Singapore Daily News 1932 - 1933 1932 - 1933 1932 - 1933
    5.16 The Singapore Free Press 1925 - 1962 1925 - 1962 1925 - 1962
    5.17 The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869) 1835 - 1866 1835 - 1866 1835 - 1866
    5.18 The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942) 1884 - 1942 1884 - 1942 1884 - 1942
    5.19 Singapore Monitor 1982 - 1985 1982 - 1985 1982 - 1985
    5.20 Singapore Weekly Herald 1888 - 1889 1888 - 1889 1888 - 1889
    5.21 Straits Advocate 1889 1889 1889
    5.22 Straits Chinese Herald 1894 1894 1894
    5.23 Straits Eurasian Advocate 1888 1888 1888
    5.24 Straits Mail 1894 - 1895 1894 - 1895 1894 - 1895
    5.25 Straits Observer (Singapore) 1874 - 1897 1874 - 1897 1874 - 1897
    5.26 Straits Telegraph and Daily Advertiser 1899 1899 1899
    5.27 The Straits Times 1845 - 2009 1845 - 1989 1845 - 2009
    5.28 Straits Times Overland Journal 1869 - 1881 1869 - 1881 1869 - 1881
    5.29 Straits Times Weekly Issue 1883 - 1893 1883 - 1893 1883 - 1893
    5.30 TODAY / Weekend TODAY 2000 - 2009 2000 - 2009 2000 - 2009
    5.31 Weekly Sun 1910 - 1913 1910 - 1913 1910 - 1913
    • * Articles accessed from home are watermarked.
    • ** Please note that there are missing issues in NewspaperSG. We are actively working on closing the collection gap by sourcing from other institutions that may hold these missing issues.
  6. Can I zoom to a particular section of the newspaper page?

    Yes. The zoom feature is provided at the page level. To view an article from the full page, click on "Show Article Zones", and select by clicking within the article boundary.

  7. Can I download a copy of the article?

    No, you cannot download a copy of the article.

  8. How can I get an un-watermarked copy of a newspaper article for reference and research purposes?

    You can get an un-watermarked copy of the newspaper article from the multimedia stations at NLB libraries. Prints are charged at $1.00 per A4 page. Please collect your prints from the Print Console located at the Photocopying Room or next to the multimedia stations.

    If you are based overseas and would like the article reproductions to be sent to you, you can place a document delivery request with us here. Our document delivery team will contact you within 3 working days to liaise further on the details of your request. Please note that all reprographic prints are supplied strictly for reference and research purposes only. For all other uses, please see Question 14.

  9. What can't I view from home?

    Home users will not be able to view articles from third-party news sources (such as Reuters, AFP and AP) that were published in the last 70 years. Users will also not be able to view articles published after 1989 for Singapore Press Holdings' newspapers. This includes Berita Harian, The Business Times, 联合晚报 (Lianhe Wanbao), 联合早报 (Lianhe Zaobao), The New Paper, The Straits Times and Tamil Murasu (தமிழ் முரசு).

  10. What is the preview service?

    The preview service allows you to view issues of upcoming newspapers that will be made available in NewspaperSG in the future. Search function is not available for this feature.

    The following are the newspapers currently provided under the preview service:

    Newspaper Issues Digitised
    Pana Times 1985 - 1987
    星洲日報 (Sin Chew Jit Poh) 1951 - 1978
    Singai Nesan Tamil Journal 1887 - 1890
    தமிழ் முரசு (Tamil Murasu) 1936 - 2008
    Warta Malaya 1933 - 1941
    Warta Perang 1941
  11. Why are illustration and continuation of an article on another page sometimes mismatched to the main article?

    Article zoning and linking are done manually. The high-volume of articles digitised contributes to occurrence of human errors. NLB is proactively seeking to improve the situation.

  12. Why are some page numbers displayed incorrectly?

    Newspaper supplement is not treated as a separate section. The page numbers in a supplement run in continuation from the Main section.

  13. What is Miscellaneous Cost?

    Miscellaneous Cost consists of other costs incurred in the maintenance and support of this website and its content.

  14. I wish to republish an article from the digitised newspaper collection, in print or electronically. Is that permitted?

    If you want to republish an article from the newspapers listed below, please contact the Singapore Press Holdings (SPH) Information Resource Centre at:

    Newspaper
    Berita Harian/Minggu
    The Business Times
    联合晚报 (Lianhe Wanbao)
    联合早报(Lianhe Zaobao)
    南洋商报 (Nanyang Siang Pau)
    New Nation
    The New Paper
    星洲日報 (Sin Chew Jit Poh)
    Singapore Daily News
    The Singapore Free Press
    The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869)
    The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942)
    The Singapore Monitor
    The Straits Times
    Straits Times Overland Journal
    Straits Times Weekly Issue
    தமிழ் முரசு (Tamil Murasu)

    For newspapers not on this list, please email to: ref@library.nlb.gov.sg.

  15. How do I search the Newspapers on Microfilm collection?

    Enter keyword(s) of a newspaper title in the search box. The search engine will retrieve newspaper titles containing all your search terms. You may also search using Chinese or Tamil scripts.

    To retrieve all newspaper titles for a particular date range, place of publication, and/or language, leave the search box empty, select your search parameters and then run your search.

  16. Where can I find the Newspapers on Microfilm collection?

    The Newspapers on Microfilm collection is housed at the:

    Singapore and Southeast Asian Collections
    Lee Kong Chian Reference Library, Level 11
    National Library Singapore
    National Library Building
    100 Victoria Street
    Singapore 188064

    Selected newspapers on microfilm are also available at the Jurong Regional Library, Tampines Regional Library and the Woodlands Regional Library. The list of the titles is given in Question 17.

  17. What are the newspapers that are available on microfilm at the regional libraries?

    The newspapers are:

    Newspaper Jurong Tampines Woodlands
    Berita Harian & Berita Minggu Jan 1981 - Jan 2004 - Jan 1996 -
    The Business Times Jan 1981 - Jan 1993 - Jan 1996 -
    Lianhe Zaobao 16 Mar 1983 - Mar 1983 - Jan 1996 -
    Lianhe Wanbao 16 Mar 1983 - Jan 2004 - Jan 1996 -
    The Straits Times & The Sunday Times Jan 1981 - Jan 1981 - Jan 1996 -
    தமிழ் முரசு (Tamil Murasu) Jan 1991 - Jan 2004 - Jan 1996 -
  18. How much does it costs to print from microfilm?

    The reprographic rates are:

    • A4 plain paper: $1.00
    • A3 plain paper: $1.00

    Charges are payable by cash only.

  19. Where else can I access online archives of Singapore newspapers?

    You can also find online archives of current Singapore newspapers in databases subscribed by the library. To access these databases, go to NLB eResources look for "Browse By Type", and click on "eNewspapers". You may wish to note that access to the Singapore newspapers in these databases is only available to patrons using the multimedia media stations at NLB libraries or the NLB-PUBLIC network at the National Library Building.

    Online newspaper archives are also available directly from the publishers.

    You may choose to subscribe to Newslink, an online newspaper archival service provided by the Singapore Press Holdings (SPH). The site offers access to The Straits Times from 1989 as well as a range of newspapers published by them.

    Archived issues of TODAY are available to registered TODAYonline members at http://www.todayonline.com

  20. Where can I find information on the NewspaperSG project?

    The NewspaperSG project has been reported in the following articles:


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