Orchard Road Presbyterian Church



 

The Orchard Road Presbyterian Church, a.k.a. Greja Kechil and the Scots Church, is the earliest Presbyterian church in Singapore. It currently runs services in multiple languages.

History
The East India Company contributed $250 towards a building which became the Mission Chapel. A sizeable proportion of Scots had been worshipping there, thus the Mission Chapel was nicknamed the "Scots Church". In 1822, a meeting was held amongst them with the objective of forming the first local Presbyterian congregation but it was not realised until 1856, when the Rev Thomas McKenzie Fraser arrived in Singapore.

Only on 6 May 1875 was land given upon which the current Presbyterian Church of Singapore was built. The location of the Church's foundation stone laid in 1877 is however not known. The Church was erected in 1878 at a cost of $20,000 and worship began with only 42 members. During the Japanese Occupation, it was used as a supply base for the Japanese and most of its early records were destroyed. After World War II, the Rev Geer who had been interned in Changi, reopened the Church for regular services in 1947. Today, the church holds services in various languages including English, Mandarin, Indonesian, German and Dutch.

Variant Names
Malay names: In Malay, Greja Kechil means "little church" or "small church".



Author

Bonny Tan 



References

Samuel, D. S. (1991). Singapore's heritage: Through places of historical interest (p. 156). Singapore: Elixir Consultancy Service.
(Call no.: RSING 959.57 SAM)

Tyers, R. K. (1976). Ray Tyers' Singapore: Then and now (p. 66). Singapore: University Education Press.
(Call no.: RSING 959.57 TYE)


Further Readings
Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places (p. 233). Singapore: Times Books International.
(Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW)

Johnson, A. (1988). The burning bush. Singapore: Dawn Publications.
(Call no.: SING 285.25957 JOH) 

Wan, M. H. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore (pp. 134-135). Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions.
(Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN)



The information in this article is valid as at 1997 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history on the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

Subject
Architecture and Landscape>>Building Types>>Religious Buildings
Religious buildings
Singapore--History--1867-1942
Historic buildings--Singapore
Presbyterian church buildings--Singapore
Arts>>Architecture>>Religious buildings

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