Goodwood Park Hotel



Goodwood Park Hotel is a luxury heritage hotel located at 22 Scotts Road, off Orchard Road. Built in 1900, the building was originally the Teutonia Club for the expatriate German community in Singapore. The tower block of the building was gazetted as a national monument in 1989.1

Teutonia Club
The German expatriate community in Singapore established the original Teutonia Club in 1856. The club was located on North Bridge Road behind the building that later became Raffles Hotel. The club moved six months later to the Blanche house premises on Mount Elizabeth.2 The growth of the German community resulted in the purchase in 1861 of a piece of land at what was then 7 Scotts Road. The new clubhouse, which occupied the site of a former nutmeg plantation, would later become the Goodwood Park Hotel.3


Built in 1900, the new Teutonia Club was designed by architect R. A. J. Bidwell of Swan and Maclaren in the Queen Anne style, a mix of Dutch, French and English influences that was popular in England in the 19th century. Featuring a striking tower, the building included electric lighting installations that were considered advanced for its time.4

The building was officially opened with a grand ball on 21 September 1900 by Acting Governor of the Straits Settlements Alexander Swettenham.5 The Teutonia Club became the centre of German social life in Singapore, hosting stage performances, gatherings and visiting dignitaries such as Prince Adalbert, third son of the German Kaiser, in 1903.6 

World War I and transformation into a hotel
With the onset of World War I and the issuance of the Trading with the Enemy Proclamation in 1914,7 about 300 German nationals in Singapore and Penang came to be regarded as alien enemies. In 1915, they were shipped to Australia and their possessions, including the clubhouse, were confiscated and liquidated as enemy property.8 Over the next four years, the clubhouse remained largely unused except when it briefly became a depot for troops during the 1915 Sepoy Mutiny. In 1918, the building was sold at public auction to the Manasseh brothers – Morris, Ezekiel and Ellis – for $61,000.9


By 1919, the building had been converted into a reception hall known as Goodwood Hall, a reference to the Goodwood Racecourse in England.10 Goodwood Hall, with a bar installed, became popular as social venue for events such as weddings, dances, concerts and balls.11 A restaurant and cafe were later added to the premises.12 Equipped with what was considered the best concert room in Singapore at the time, Goodwood Hall was also the site of numerous stage performances, including that of the famous Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova in December 1922.13 In 1929, the Manasseh brothers converted the establishment into a full-fledged hotel and renamed it Goodwood Park Hotel.14

Following the Japanese invasion of Singapore in 1942, the hotel was converted into a residence for high-ranking Japanese soldiers.15 After the end of the Japanese Occupation in 1945, the hotel was requisitioned by the Army War Crimes Office. The British held war crimes trials at the grounds of the hotel, under pitched canvas tents.16

Postwar decades and renovation
After the British military’s failed proposal to purchase the hotel to be used as an officers’ club, the British military released the building on 31 August 1947 and returned it to Vivian C. Bath, Ezekiel Manasseh’s stepson. Bath incorporated Goodwood Park Hotel as a publicly listed company that same year, and reopened the hotel on 18 November 1947.17 In anticipation of a rise in tourism, the hotel underwent an reconstruction and renovation between 1959 and 1960, which saw an expansion of room capacity and the installation of the first hotel swimming pool in Singapore, among other changes.18


During this period, the most distinctive feature of the building, the tower block, was also restored to its original position, though not its shape.19 Standing at nearly 30 ft high, the original central tower with its distinctive pinnacle had been removed in 1950 after falling into disrepair.20 Until 1985, the general manager’s room was housed in the tower.21 The tower block was gazetted as a national monument on 23 March 1989.22

In July 1963, an new extension costing $2.5 million was officially opened. Among the additions were a three-storey building housing 94 rooms, a second swimming pool, a new entrance as well as bar and grill rooms.23 A 45-foot-long bar, one of the longest in Singapore at the time, was also unveiled.24

Just two months later, the hotel was bought over by the Malayan Banking Group.25

Ownership by Khoo family
Billionaire banker Khoo Teck Puat purchased Goodwood Park Hotel in 1968.26 From as early as 1979, Khoo had proposed plans to demolish the hotel so that the land on which it stood could be redeveloped into a hotel, shopping mall, office blocks and high-rise apartments, in order to maximise the land’s economic potential.27 However, the plans did not materialise.28


With Khoo’s death in 2004, his daughter, Mavis Oei, succeeded as chairman of the hotel. Now regarded as a luxury heritage hotel, Goodwood Park Hotel remains in the hands of the Khoo family.29



Author

Joanna HS Tan



References
1. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, pp. 223–229. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119–120. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-[HIS]); Goodwood Park Hotel. (n.d.). History of Goodwood Park Hotel, an iconic heritage hotel in Singapore. Retrieved 2016, September 9 from Goodwood Park Hotel website: http://www.goodwoodparkhotel.com/ourheritage-en.html; Urban Redevelopment Authority. (1992). The Goodwood Park Hotel tower block preservation guidelines. Singapore: Preservation of Monuments Board, p. 4. (Call no.: RSING 363.69095957 GOO)
2. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 223. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Tyers, R. (1993). Ray Tyers’ Singapore: Then & now. Singapore: Landmark Books, pp. 174–175. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 TYE-[HIS]); Teutonia Club with Crux Australis. (1938, April 3). The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
3. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 223. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Tyers, R. (1993). Ray Tyers’ Singapore: Then & now. Singapore: Landmark Books, pp. 174–175. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 TYE-[HIS]); Former German Club is now for sale. (1939, October 6). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884-1932), p. 4; Singapore’s German Club is silent and empty. (1939, September 4). The Straits Times, p. 10; Teutonia Club with Crux Australis. (1938, April 3). The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
4. Teutonia Club with Crux Australis. (1938, April 3). The Straits Times, p. 13; The Teutonia Club. (1899, March 21). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 223. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119–120. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-[HIS])
5. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 224. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Urban Redevelopment Authority. (1992). The Goodwood Park Hotel tower block preservation guidelines. Singapore: Preservation of Monuments Board, p. 4. (Call no.: RSING 363.69095957 GOO); Samuel, D. S. (2010). Singapore’s heritage: Through places of historical perspective. Singapore: Dhoraisingam S. Samuel, pp. 116–117. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SIN-[HIS])
6. The Kaiser’s birthday. (1902, January 22). The Straits Times, p. 4; Prince Adalbert in Singapore. (1903, November 20). The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119–120. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-[HIS])
7. Trading with the enemy. (1914, September 16). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 224. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU)
9. Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-HIS]); Tyers, R. K. (1976). Singapore, then & now. Singapore: University Education Press, pp. 174–175. (Call no.: RCLOS 959.57 TYE); Goodwood Park Hotel (2000). Goodwood Park Hotel (1900–2000): 100 years of hospitality. Singapore: Goodwood Park Hotel, pp. 6–10. (Call no.: RSING 647.955957 GOO); Teutonia club sold. (1918, September 26). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
10. Goodwood Park Hotel. (n.d.). History of Goodwood Park Hotel, an iconic heritage hotel in Singapore. Retrieved 2016, September 9 from Goodwood Park Hotel website: http://www.goodwoodparkhotel.com/ourheritage-en.html; Page 2 Advertisements Column 3: Goodwood Hall. (1919, October 18). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p. 2; Page 7 Advertisements Column 4: A dance. (1919, July 11). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
11. Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119–120. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-[HIS]); Page 2 Advertisements Column 2: Goodwood Hall. (1920, April 9). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p. 2; Russian Light Opera Co. (1921, July 25). Malaya Tribune, p. 4; Local wedding. (1922, June 6). The Malaya Tribune, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
12. Untitled. (1922, January 20). The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
13. Page 6 Advertisements Column 3: Goodwood Hall. (1922, December 9). The Straits Times, p. 6; Chandy, G. (1979, February 26). Germans started the ball rolling. New Nation, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
14. Goodwood Park Hotel. (n.d.). History of Goodwood Park Hotel, an iconic heritage hotel in Singapore. Retrieved 2016, September 9 from Goodwood Park Hotel website: http://www.goodwoodparkhotel.com/ourheritage-en.html
15. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 228. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU)
16. Court sits ‘in canvas’. (1946, May 16). The Singapore Free Press, p. 5; Three more Japs to hang. (1946, May 25). The Malaya Tribune, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Wan, M. H., & Lau, J. (2009). Heritage places of Singapore. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, pp. 119–120. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 WAN-[HIS])
17. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 224. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Goodwood Park’s return. (1947, July 17). The Straits Times, p. 7; Goodwood Park Hotel reopening. (1947, November 18). The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
18. An old Singapore landmark to be restored. (1959, December 9). The Straits Times, p. 7; Poteik, C. (1960, August 3). More hotel space for the jet age. The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
19. Samuel, D. S. (2010). Singapore’s heritage: Through places of historical perspective. Singapore: Dhoraisingam S. Samuel, pp. 116–117. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SAM-[HIS])
20. Old landmark. (1963, July 30). The Straits Times, p. 11; An old Singapore landmark to be restored. (1959, December 9). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
21. Koh, F. (2016, October 27). Goodwood Park Hotel: playing host to history. The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
22. Hotel’s tower block now a national monument. (1989, March 25). The Straits Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
23. A new hotel milestone. (1963, July 30). The Straits Times, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
24. The long, long bar. (1963, July 30). The Straits Times, p. 15. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
25. Banking group to pay $7 mil. for Goodwood Park Hotel. (1963, September 11). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
26. Goodwood Park Hotel. (n.d.). History of Goodwood Park Hotel, an iconic heritage hotel in Singapore. Retrieved 2016, September 9 from Goodwood Park Hotel website: http://www.goodwoodparkhotel.com/ourheritage-en.html
27. Goodwood studies plan to redevelop Scotts site. (1983, March 16). The Straits Times, p. 17; Hint of big expansion plan by Goodwood. (1980, March 18). The Straits Times, p. 19; Ang, L. (1994, May 11). Goodwood gets approval to redevelop part of hotel site. The Business Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
28. Liu, G. (1996). In granite and chunam: The national monuments of Singapore. Singapore: Landmark Books, p. 224. (Call no.: RSING 725.94095957 LIU); Tyers, R. (1993). Ray Tyers’ Singapore: Then & now. Singapore: Landmark Books, pp. 174–175. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 TYE-[HIS])
29. Goodwood Park Hotel. (n.d.). History of Goodwood Park Hotel, an iconic heritage hotel in Singapore. Retrieved 2016, September 9 from Goodwood Park Hotel website: http://www.goodwoodparkhotel.com/ourheritage-en.html; Goodwood Park names new head. (2004, March 2). The Straits Times, p. 13. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Goodwood Park exit offer. (2016, October 15) The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB’s eResources website: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/




Further resources

A $22mil. tower to replace that tourist landmark at Goodwood Hotel. (1969, July 9). The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Goodwood: Unique in service and efficiency. (1965, January 4). The Straits Times, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Hotel’s unusual wartime past. (2006, March 4). The Straits Times, p. H6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Licensing justices meet. (1919, June 19). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

The Goodwood heritage 1900–1990. (1990). Singapore: Goodwood Park Hotel.
(Call no.: RSING 647.94595701 GOO)

The new Teutonia Club. (1900, August 21). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

The Teutonia Club. (1900, September 14). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

The Teutonia Club. (1900, September 22). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.
 

Subject
Architecture and Landscape>>Building Types>>Commercial Buildings
Hotels--Singapore
Arts>>Architecture>>Public and commercial buildings
Business, finance and industry>>Industry>>Services>>Tourism and hospitality
Commercial buildings--Singapore
Commercial buildings