Karikal Lane



Karikal Lane refers to two short stretches of road, one off East Coast Road and the other branching off the first.1

History
Karikal was a French territory in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on the Coromandel Coast.2 Karikal Lane was named in 1930 at a meeting of municipal commissioners,3 with the name taken from the nearby Karikal Mahal (Karikal Palace) on Karikal Road, which has since been expunged.The Karikal Mahal was one of the grandest private houses built in the 1920s.5


Karikal Mahal was built by Moona Kadir Sultan, a wealthy Indian cattle merchant and prominent member of the Indian and Ceylonese communities in Singapore during his time. He named the villa after his birthplace in India.6  Kadir Sultan bought the land in 1917 and erected his mansion in 1920 at a cost of $500,000.7 In 1947, the mansion was converted into the Grand Hotel.The building remains standing today almost in its original form at the junction of Still Road South and St Patrick’s Road.9

Japanese Occupation
On 17 February 1942, at the start of the Japanese Occupation (1942–45), the Japanese ordered European internees to march from the Padang to Karikal Mahal, where they were interned for around two weeks. During their time at the Karikal Mahal, the internees produced 14 issues of a newssheet known as the Karikal Chronicle.10

Developments
Karikal Road used to run parallel to Karikal Lane and the two roads were connected to each other forming a rectangular enclosure.11 However, as a result of developments following land reclamation, Karikal Road was expunged and became an extension of Still Road.12



Author
Naidu Ratnala Thulaja



References
1.
OneMap. (n.d.). Retrieved 2016, June 14 from OneMap website: https://www.onemap.sg/index.html
2.
Dunlop, P. K. G. (2000). Street names of Singapore. Singapore: Who's Who Publications, p. 169. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 DUN); Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: a study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 205. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV)
3.
Singapore road names. (1930, August 12). The Straits Times, p. 20; Municipal action. (1930, June 14) The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1884–1942), p.12. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
4.
Sam, J. (1984, December 16). Katong. Singapore Monitor, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: a study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 205. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV)
5.
Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1996). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, pp. 302-303. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 EDW)
6.
Sam, J. (1984, December 16). Katong. Singapore Monitor, p. 6; The legion of honour. (1925, March 9). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
7.
Tay, S. C. (2009, January 17). Marked for preservation. The Straits Times, p. 93; Sam, J. (1984, December 16). Katong. Singapore Monitor, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8.
Page 4 advertisements column 3. (1947, April 7). The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 205. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV)
9.
Tay, S. C. (2009, January 17). Marked for preservation. The Straits Times, p. 93. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1996). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, pp. 302–303. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 EDW); Chan, C. (2004, November 13). Deserted but still grand. The Straits Times, p. 15. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
10.
Turnbull, C. M. (1995). Dateline Singapore: 150 years of the Straits Times. Singapore: Times Editions for Singapore Press Holdings, p. 121. (Call no.: RSING 079.5957 TUR); Archer, B. (2004). The internment of Western civilians under the Japanese, 1941–1945: A patchwork of internment. London: RoutledgeCurzon, p. 105. (Call no.: R 940.53170952 ARC-[WAR])
11.
Survey Department. (1961). Singapore: Guide and street directory. Singapore: Survey Department, p. 75. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SSD)
12.
Sam, J. (1984, December 16) Katong. Singapore Monitor, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

Subject
Street names--Singapore
Ethnic Communities
Streets and Places
Heritage and Culture
Architecture and Landscape>>Streets and Places
History>>Asia>>Southeast Asia>>Singapore

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