E. W. Barker


Edmund William Barker (b. 1 December 1920, Singapore–d. 12 April 2001, Singapore), commonly known as E. W. Barker, was the minister for law from 1964 to 1988. He played a significant role in Singapore’s secession from Malaysia in 1965 by drawing up the separation documents and participating in talks with the Malaysian leaders. A first-generation minister in Singapore’s post-independence cabinet, he held a series of ministerial portfolios over time in addition to law, including national development, the environment, science and technology and home affairs. Also an avid sportsman, Barker was involved in the development of sports in Singapore throughout his political career. He spearheaded the construction of the National Stadium in the 1970s, and became the first Singaporean to receive the Olympic Order (Silver) award from the International Olympic Committee in 1985.

Early life
Barker was born to Clarence Barker and Dorothy Evelyne Paterson on 1 December 1920 at Jansen Road in the Upper Serangoon Road area. Popularly known as Eddie, he was a first-generation Singaporean of German, Indonesian, Scottish, Irish and Japanese descent, His paternal grandfather was a German sailor who married an Indonesian woman in Sumatra.1

Barker studied at the Anglo-Chinese Paya Lebar Continuation School when he was six years old and moved on to the Serangoon English School a year later. He then gained admission to Raffles Institution (RI), where he became the head prefect, champion athlete and soccer team captain in 1938. It was also at RI where Barker met Lee Kuan Yew, who would become Singapore’s first prime minister, as well as Lee’s future wife, Kwa Geok Choo. Barker became friends with Lee through RI’s Literary and Debating Society, and met Kwa in the Queen’s Scholarship class in 1937.2

Raffles College
Barker entered Raffles College in 1939. For his stellar academic performance, Barker was awarded a scholarship for two consecutive years.3 Also an all-round sportsman, Barker represented Raffles College in a variety of sports, including cricket, soccer, rugby and athletics. He was the college’s athletics champion in 1940 and captain of the college rugby team in 1941.4 It was through sports at Raffles College that Barker befriended several individuals who would become Malaysia’s key leaders, including Tun Abdul Razak.5

In 1942, Barker’s education at Raffles College was disrupted by the onset of the Japanese Occupation (1942–45), following which he worked as a sanitary inspector for the municipality’s health department. Then in June 1944, he was sent to the Death Railway in Thailand with a Japanese medical unit as a medical orderly.6

After the Japanese surrender, Barker returned to Raffles College in 1946 to complete his studies, attaining the Queen’s Scholarship and then graduating with an arts diploma the following year.7

Cambridge University
With the scholarship, Barker left for England in 1948 to study law at St Catherine’s College, Cambridge University.8

At Cambridge, Barker re-established ties with Lee and Razak. Both Razak and Barker were part of the hockey team called Harimau (“tiger” in Malay), which comprised Singaporean and Malayan students.9 Besides hockey, Barker also represented Cambridge in badminton.10

Barker graduated with a law degree with honours from Cambridge University in 1951 and was called to the Bar at London’s Inner Temple the same year.11

Legal career
Upon his return to Singapore, Barker practised law from 1952 to 1964, specialising in civil litigation.12 He first joined the firm Braddell Brothers, and subsequently moved on to Lee & Lee after the latter was established on 1 September 1955 by Lee, Kwa and Lee’s brother, Dennis Lee Kim Yew.13

Political career
Entry into politics
Prior to the 1963 general election, Lee, who was by then Singapore’s first prime minister, was seeking an English-educated individual to stand as the People’s Action Party (PAP) candidate for the Tanglin constituency. Lee thus decided to approach Barker to join politics. He broached the matter to Barker about a week before the general election when Barker joined him and Goh Keng Swee for dinner at Lee’s home. Although Barker had not planned to be involved in politics, he agreed to do so out of feelings of attachment and loyalty to Singapore.14

Barker won the election for the Tanglin constituency and became its member of parliament.15 He was returned unopposed in the constituency in all subsequent general elections until he retired from politics in 1988.16

Political appointments
Barker served as Speaker of the Singapore Legislative Assembly from October 1963 to October 1964.17 On 1 November 1964, Barker joined Lee’s cabinet as minister for law.18 He held the position until 1988 and is therefore Singapore’s longest-serving law minister to-date.19

Barker is considered one of the first-generation PAP leaders, having served in the first post-independence cabinet.20 In addition to his appointment as the law minister, he was concurrently the minister for national development for almost a decade from 9 August 1965 to June 1975.21

Besides his law and national development portfolios, Barker was at various times minister for home affairs, the environment, science and technology as well as labour.22 He also served as Leader of the House from 1968 to 1985.23

Key contributions
Barker played a significant role in Singapore’s separation from Malaysia in 1965. As the law minister and Lee’s trusted friend, Barker, at Lee’s behest in July that year, drafted the legal documents effecting the secession.24 Barker drew up the separation agreement, an amendment to the Malaysian Constitution to allow for Singapore’s departure, as well as the Proclamation of Singapore. Goh and Barker then travelled to Kuala Lumpur with the draft separation documents and held a final round of talks with their Malaysian counterparts on 6 August 1965. In the early hours of the following day, Goh and Barker became the first persons on Singapore’s side to sign the finalised separation papers.25 Given the tense situation then, the relationships and trust established between Barker and the Malaysian leaders during their Raffles College and Cambridge University days helped to make the parting an amicable one.26

During the 1960s, one of Barker’s most significant achievements as the law minister was to introduce legislation that enabled the government to acquire private land compulsorily at market prices. The resultant Land Acquisition Act enacted in 1967 allowed squatters displaced by development to be resettled in newly built public housing.27

Barker was also responsible for the complete abolition of the jury system in Singapore in 1969. In his opinion, the guilt or innocence of the defendant should not be determined by a group of laymen; instead, the decision “should be left solely in the hands of the professional judges who would, to say the least, be able to dispense justice in a more predictable manner”.28

As the minister for national development, Barker oversaw major urban renewal projects. For example, he implemented the “Golden Mile” project, which saw developments such as hotels, apartments, recreational centres and shopping complexes sprouting up in the area stretching from Beach Road to Kallang.29

Barker also spearheaded the preservation of historical buildings and structures by introducing the Preservation of Monuments Act, which constituted the Preservation of Monuments Board (now known as Preservation of Sites and Monuments) in 1971.30

In recognition of his contributions to the Singapore government, Barker was conferred the Order of Nila Utama (First Class) of the National Day awards in 1990.31 Together with Lee, Barker was awarded Johor’s highest honour, the Honourable Order of the Crown of Johor (First Class), in 1984. Both men were recognised for their contributions in establishing and maintaining good relations between Johor and Singapore.32

Retirement from politics
Barker retired from politics in 1988, following which he was appointed to a number of prominent positions, such as non-executive chairman of the Singapore Stock Exchange, as well as chairman of the Bukit Turf Club and the Shangri-La Hotel.33

In addition, Barker served on the board of directors of companies such as The Hour Glass Ltd, Sime Singapore, United Industrial Corporation and the Republic National Bank of New York (Singapore) Limited.34

Passion for sports and key contributions
Barker was an avid sportsman.35 One of Singapore’s top student athletes before World War II, he represented his schools and the Singapore Recreation Club in a variety of sports, including cricket, hockey, athletics and badminton. He was also a state hockey player before he left for England to further his studies.36

Throughout his political career, Barker continued to be involved in sports and played an instrumental role in the development of sports in Singapore.37 Barker was the driving force behind the construction of the National Stadium for the Southeast Asian (SEA) Games in 1973 when the Jalan Besar Stadium was deemed inadequate. Then the minister for national development, Barker selected the centrally located Kallang as the site of the new stadium. When the SEA Games kicked off in 1973, Singapore, as the host country, was said to have provided the most modern facilities in the games’ 14-year history.38

For about two decades from November 1970 to May 1990, Barker was president of the Singapore National Olympic Council, a non-profit organisation that nurtures athletes and coordinates the selection of sportspersons to represent Singapore at major games such as the Olympics and SEA Games.39 He was also president of the SEA Games Federation in 1973 and then from 1981 to 1983.40 Former national athletes such as Ang Peng Siong, Junie Sng and Patricia Chan looked up to him as a source of encouragement.41
 
In recognition of his contributions to sports, Barker was awarded the Distinguished Service Award by the United States Sports Academy in 1983 and the Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s sports award in 1991.42 In 1985, he became the first Singaporean to receive the Olympic Order (Silver) award from the International Olympic Committee for the promotion of the Olympic ideals.43

In honour of Barker, the Nanyang Technological University launched the E. W. Barker Scholarship in 2002 for its undergraduate programme on sport science and management.44 To help students prepare for a lifelong career in sports, RI established its sports academy on 23 July 2011 and named it the E. W. Barker Institute of Sports.45

Family and death
Barker registered his marriage to Gloria Hyacinth Quintal shortly before leaving for his studies at Cambridge University. After being separated for some three years, they held a church wedding when he returned to Singapore.46

On 12 April 2001, Barker died at the age of 80 at the National University Hospital after two months of intensive care following an emergency colon surgery.47 He left behind his wife and four children.48

Key official appointments
1963–1988: Member of parliament for Tanglin constituency
Oct 1963–Oct 1964: Speaker of the Singapore Legislative Assembly
1 Nov 1964–1988: Minister for law
9 Aug 1965–1 Jun 1975: Minister for national development
1968–1985: Leader of the House
Nov 1970–May 1990: President of Singapore National Olympic Council
16 Sep–31 Oct 1972: Minister for home affairs49
1973, 1981–1983: President of SEA Games Federation
2 Jun 1975–31 Jan 1979: Minister for the environment50
26 Sep 1977–1 Apr 1981: Minister for science and technology51
9 May–6 Sep 1983: Interim minister for labour52
1989–1992: Chairman, Shangri-La Hotel53
1989–1993: Non-executive chairman, Singapore Stock Exchange54
1989–1994: Chairman, Bukit Turf Club55

Major awards and recognitions
1946: Queen’s Scholarship
1983: Distinguished Service Award, United States Sports Academy
1984: Honourable Order of the Crown of Johor (First Class)
1985: Olympic Order (Silver) by the International Olympic Committee
1990: Order of Nila Utama (First Class).
1991: Japanese Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s sports award



Author

Cheryl Sim



References
1. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 90. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, pp. 82–83. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
2. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 83. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE); Yap, S., Lim, R., & Leong, W. K. (2010). Men in white: The untold story of Singapore’s ruling political party. Singapore: Straits Times Press, p. 159. (Call no.: RSING 324.25957 YAP)
3. The man who will take over as no. 2 speaker. (1963, October 20). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Koh, T., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Singapore: The encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with the National Heritage Board, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 SIN-[HIS])
4. Morais, J. V. (Ed.). (1973). Who’s who in Malaysia and guide to Singapore. Kuala Lumpur: J. V. Morais, p. ix. (Call no.: RCLOS 920.0595 WWM); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 84. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE); The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
5. Koh, T., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Singapore: The encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with the National Heritage Board, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 SIN-[HIS]); The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 84. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
6. Sim, S. (2015, August 15). The Eurasian who drafted Singapore’s separation documents [Microfilm: NL 33600]. The Straits Times, p. A47; Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 84. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
7. Koh, T., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Singapore: The encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with the National Heritage Board, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 SIN-[HIS]); Queen’s Scholars named. (1947, May 13). The Straits Times, p. 5; Raffles College diploma results. (1947, June 25). The Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 84. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE); Morais, J. V. (Ed.). (1973). Who’s who in Malaysia and guide to Singapore. Kuala Lumpur: J. V. Morais, p. ix. (Call no.: RCLOS 920.0595 WWM); The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
9. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, pp. 84–85. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
10. The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
11. Braga-Blake, M. (Ed.). (1992). Singapore Eurasians: Memories and hopes. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 91. (Call no.: RSING 305.80405957 SIN)
12. Braga-Blake, M. (Ed.). (1992). Singapore Eurasians: Memories and hopes. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 91. (Call no.: RSING 305.80405957 SIN); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 85. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
13. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 85. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE); Lee & Lee. (2016). The firm. Retrieved from Lee & Lee website: http://www.leenlee.com.sg/our-people/the-firm/
14. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); Braga-Blake, M. (Ed.). (1992). Singapore Eurasians: Memories and hopes. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 91. (Call no.: RSING 305.80405957 SIN); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, pp. 85–86. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
15. Government of Singapore. (2015, November 2). 1963 parliamentary election results. Retrieved from Elections Department Singapore website: http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_past_parliamentary1963.html; Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS])
16. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); Braga-Blake, M. (Ed.). (1992). Singapore Eurasians: Memories and hopes. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 91. (Call no.: RSING 305.80405957 SIN); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 86. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
17. Singapore. Legislative Assembly. Debates: Official report. (1963, October 22). Election of speaker (Vol. 22). Singapore: [s.n.], col. 3. (Call no.: RCLOS 328.5957 SIN); Singapore. Legislative Assembly. Debates: Official report. (1964, November 2). Resignation of speaker (Vol. 23). Singapore: [s.n.], col. 76. (Call no.: RCLOS 328.5957 SIN)
18. State of Singapore. Government gazette. (1964, November 2). (G.N. 100; N.N. 2506–2507). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 2871. (Call no.: RCLOS 959.57 SGG)
19. The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Sim, S. (2015, August 15). The Eurasian who drafted Singapore’s separation documents. The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva.
20. National Library Board, & National Archives of Singapore. (2007). Singapore: The first ten years of independence, 1965 to 1975. Singapore: Author, p. 248. (Call no.: RSING 959.5705 SIN)
21. Pereira, A. A. (2015). Eurasians. Singapore: Straits Times Press & Institute of Policy Studies, p. 41. (Call no.: RSING 305.809095957 PER); His life. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; E W Barker. (1977, May). In Biographical notes of the president, prime minister and ministers. Singapore: Publicity Division, Ministry of Culture, [n.p.]. (Call no.: RCLOS 328.59570922 BIO)
22. His life. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
23. Ahmad Osman. (1985, January 24). Dhana is new Leader of the House. The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG..
24. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, pp. 86–87. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
25. Sim, S. (2015, August 15). The Eurasian who drafted Singapore’s separation documents. The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva; Koh, T., et al. (Eds.). (2006). Singapore: The encyclopedia. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with the National Heritage Board, p. 57. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 SIN-[HIS])
26. Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, pp. 86, 88. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
27. Khublall, N. (1984). Law of compulsory purchase and compensation: Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore; St. Paul, Minn.: Butterworths, pp. 7–8. (Call no.: RSING 346.5957043 KHU); New land acquisition law comes into effect. (1967, June 17). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
28. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, pp. 95, 101. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; A land law to re-house squatters. (1965, June 17). The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
29. The Golden Mile. (1967, June 19). The Straits Times, p. 8; Sam, J. (1968, November 16). Offer opens today for 14 more urban renewal sites. The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
30. Law to preserve special relics of the past. (1970, November 5). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. Subsidiary legislation supplement. (1971, January 29). The Preservation of Monuments Act (Commencement) Notification (S 29/1971, p. 380). Singapore: [s.n.]. (Call no.: RSING 348.5957 SGGSLS)
31. National Day honours list 1990. (1990, August 9). The Straits Times, p. 26; Lee, S. (1990, August 9). First generation ministers top honours roll. The Business Times, p. 20. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
32. Lim, P. H. L. (Ed.). (2009). Chronicle of Singapore: Fifty years of headline news 1959–2009. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet in association with National Library Board, p. 189. (Call no.: RSING 959.5705 CHR-[HIS]); Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 94. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS])
33. Barker named new SES Chairman. (1989, November 10). The Straits Times, p. 49. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Borch, A. (1989, November 10). SES names E W Barker as new chairman. The Business Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
34. SES chairman Barker resigns as UIC director. (1990, December 3). The Straits Times, p. 39. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
35. $2.7m raised for E. W. Barker sports awards. (2002, August 29). The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva.
36. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, pp. 90, 110. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 83. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE); Who’s who. (1986, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 21. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
37. Low, J. (2001, April 13). Eddie, the sportsman. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
38. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, pp. 98–99. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); Sim, S. (2015, August 15). The Eurasian who drafted Singapore’s separation documents [Microfilm: NL 33600]. The Straits Times, p. A47.
39. His life. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Sim, S. (2015, August 15). The Eurasian who drafted Singapore’s separation documents [Microfilm: NL 33600]. The Straits Times, p. A47; Singapore National Olympic Council. (2015). About SNOC. Retrieved from Singapore National Olympic Council website: http://www.singaporeolympics.com/about-snoc/
40. Low, J. (2001, April 13). Eddie, the sportsman. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
41. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, pp. 90, 99. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS])
42. Barker gets US sports award. (1983, August 25). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tan, K. Y. L. (1999). The legalists: Kenny Byrne & Eddie Barker. In P. E. Lam & K. Y. L. Tan (Eds.), Lee’s lieutenants: Singapore’s old guard (pp. 70–95). St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 320.95957 LEE)
43. Goh, C. T. (2001, April 13). PM to Mrs Barker. The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 90. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS])
44. $2.7m raised for E. W. Barker sports awards [Microfilm: NL 24528]. (2002, August 29). The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from Factiva; Nanyang Technological University. (2014, December 19). Undergraduate admissions: E. W. Barker Scholarship. Retrieved from Nanyang Technological University website: http://admissions.ntu.edu.sg/UndergraduateAdmissions/Pages/EWBarkerScholarship.aspx
45. Voon, T. (2011, July 24). RI launches sports academy. The Straits Times. Retrieved from Factiva.
46. Tan, I., & Kwan, B. C. (2015). The gentleman politician: Eddie Barker. In C. Leong (Ed.), Founding fathers: Great Singapore stories (pp. 87–114). Singapore: Straits Times Press and The New Paper, p. 92. (Call no.: RSING 959.57050922 FOU-[HIS]); The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
47. Teo, L. (2001, April 13). Old guard stalwart Eddie Barker dies. The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
48. The reluctant politician. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
49. Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1972, October 6). (G.N. 91, N.N. 3243). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 3822. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG); Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1972, October 6). (G.N. 91, N.N. 3267). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 3825. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG); Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1972, November 17). (G.N. 107, N.N. 3689). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 4249. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG)
50. Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1975, July 4). (G.N. 63, N.N. 2033). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 2522. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG); Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1979, February 16). (G.N. 14, N.N. 534). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 672. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG)
51. Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1977, November 4). (G.N. 99; N.N. 3355). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 4819. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG); Sixth ministerial job for Barker. (1983, April 14). The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; His life. (2001, April 13). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
52. Republic of Singapore. Government gazette. (1983, May 13). (G.N. 25; N.N. 1525). Singapore: [s.n.], p. 2426. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 SGG); Changes in several cabinet and senior government posts. (1983, September 8). The Business Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
53. Barker to retire as chairman of Shangri-La Hotel. (1992, May 2). The Straits Times, p. 40. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
54. Borch, A. (1989, November 10). SES names E W Barker as new chairman. The Business Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Quak, H. W. (1993, October 30). SES listing is no guarantee of company’s worth: Barker. The Business Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
55. Barker to head Bukit Turf Club. (1988, December 19). The Straits Times, p. 1; Hochstadt to head Bukit Turf Club. (1994, March 27). The Straits Times, p. 32. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



Further resources

Singapore. Parliament. Parliamentary debates: Official report. (1969, December 22). Third reading of the Criminal Procedure Code (Amendment) Bill (Vol. 29). Singapore: [s.n]. (Call no.: RSING 328.5957 SIN)

That myth: Barker clarifies. (1971, March 26). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 22 February 2016 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

 

Subject
Politics and Government
Politicians
Personalities
Personalities>>Biographies>>Political Leaders
Politicians--Singapore--Biography
Recreation>>Sports
History>>Asia>>Southeast Asia>>Singapore
Sports and Recreation

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