Ann Siang Road



Ann Siang Road in Chinatown begins from a road known as Ann Siang Hill and connects to Kadayanallur Street.1 It is named after Chia Ann Siang (1832‒1892) who was a wealthy Chinese businessman.2

History
Ann Siang Hill was originally known as Scott’s Hill and was owned by Charles Scott who cultivated a nutmeg and clove estate on it.3 He sold it to John Gemmill who christened it as Gemmill’s Hill. The hill became known as Ann Siang Hill after it came to be owned by Chia Ann Siang who built his house and estate on the site. A Cantonese burial ground, one of the oldest Chinese burial grounds in Singapore, was located at the foot of this hill where it met Mount Erskine and was in use until 1867. This graveyard was exhumed in 1907 and a portion of it was developed as  part of the Telok Ayer reclamation project.4 In the 1890s, a Malay college that provided education to young tungkus and ungkus, moved to Gemmill’s Hill from Telok Blangah.5


Description
Situated on the hill, both Ann Siang Road and Ann Siang Hill are lined with elegantly restored shophouses and richly decorated terraces. Most of these buildings were constructed between 1903 and 1941.6 Ann Siang Hill Park located at the end of Ann Siang Road is surrounded by shophouses near Ann Siang Road, Amoy Street and Club Street.7 The first Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is located at 70 Amoy Street, near Ann Siang Road. Started by Methodist missionaries on 1 March 1886, it is now called ACS House and has been marked as a historic site by the Urban Redevelopment Authority.8 Another historic site, the original building of the Pondok Peranakan Gelam Club or Pondok Gelam, is located at Club Street near Ann Siang Hill. Home to a Bawean-Malay community from 1932 to 2000, this last pondok building (communal home) in Singapore was declared a historic site in 2000.9

Variant names
Chui-lan teng (Hokkien) and Sui-lan theng (Cantonese), meaning “Chui-lan pavilion”. A club named Chui-lan used to be situated on this hill.10



Author

Naidu Ratnala Thulaja



References
1. Mighty Minds street directory. (2014). Singapore: Mighty Minds Publishing Pte Ltd, p. 13, Map 132D. (Call no.: RSING MMSD-[DIR])
2. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 20. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA])
3. Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 452. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
4. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 20. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA])
5. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 135. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA])
6. Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 452. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
7. Facelift for two more parks in Chinatown. (2002, June 22). The Straits Times, p. H2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8. Dunlop, P. K. G. (2000). Street names of Singapore. Singapore: Who’s Who Publishing, p. 7. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 DUN-[HIS]); Urban Redevelopment Authority. (2014). Heritage schools. Retrieved July 1, 2016, from Urban Redevelopment Authority website: https://www.ura.gov.sg/conservation/Cons%20Sch%20Pamphlet.pdf
9. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2013). Singapore street names: A study of toponymics. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 87. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA]); Siti, Andriane. (2000, January 31). Singapore’s last pondok named a historic site. The Straits Times, p. 42. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
10. Firmstone, H. W. (1905). Chinese names of streets and places in Singapore and the Malay Peninsula. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 42, 56­57. (Call no.: RQUIK 959.5 JMBRAS)



Further resources
Gwee, M. (1999, April 29). World class? Dunno lahThe Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Koh, B. S. (1992, July 20). Where do you stay? The Straits Times, p. 7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Koh, B. P. (1999, February 8). Chinatown: The debate. The Straits Times, p. 35. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the project. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

 

Subject
Street names--Singapore
Historic sites--Singapore
Arts>>Architecture>>Public and commercial buildings
Streets and Places
Architecture and Landscape>>Streets and Places