Grange Road



Grange Road runs from the junction of Cairnhill Road and Orchard Road to the junction of Napier Road and Tanglin Road. Constructed in 1866, the road was named after Grange House in Thomas Oxley’s estate.1

History
In 1846, Thomas Oxley (Dr) purchased a piece of land from the government that is bounded by what is presently River Valley Road, Tank Road, Grange Road and Orchard Road. The land, essentially a jungle then, held little value. Oxley developed it into a nutmeg plantation and the place came to be known as Oxley’s estate. An adjoining portion of the estate, also a nutmeg plantation, belonged to W.W. Willans while another portion belonged to G.G. Nicoll. A road was constructed in 1866 to serve as a private pathway leading to Oxley’s estate. This road was named Grange Road, after a large house in Oxley’s estate called Grange House. In the 19th century, a Teochew settlement or kampong (village) was also found off Grange Road. The road has been under the Urban Redevelopment Authority’s conservation scheme since 1991 to preserve the antiquity of the area, where a pre-1868 Victorian building called Spring Grove is also located.2


Description
The Orchard Fountain Corner is located at the junction of Grange Road and Orchard Road. Next to the Fountain Corner is a landmark commercial property, the Orchard Building, which is opposite the popular cinema, Cathay Cineleisure Orchard. The road is lined with residential units once it crosses India House, a 42,351 sq. ft. pre-1920s colonial building, home to the Indian High Commission.3 Admiralty House, built in 1972, housed the Raffles Institution from 1972 to 1990 until the school moved to its new premises in Bishan.4 A Muslim cemetery was built in 1840 at Bukit Wakoff in the vicinity of Grange Road, on land donated by Syed Ali bin Mohammed Al-Junied, the son of Syed Omar who was an established 19th century Arab merchant from Palembang.5

The Ministry of Education Teachers’ Network (Grange Road Centre), a sprawling campus constructed in 1997, is located at the junction of Hoot Kiam Road and Grange Road. Next to it is Spring Grove that served as the residence for U.S. ambassadors to Singapore from 1936 to 1941 and periodically from 1946 to 1991, when it was sold to a commercial property developer. Spring Grove was a two-storey Victorian bungalow built on a 263,400 sq. ft. piece of land before 1868, and was later integrated into a condominium development. The bungalow belonged to Hoo Ah Kay (Whampoa) in 1845 and later Hans Becker of Behn Meyer & Company in 1906.6 Grange Garden is a 45,509 sq. ft. residential development that comprises a group of four-storey maisonettes overlooking a garden. At the junction of Cuscaden Road and Grange Road are two distinctive buildings: the Traders Hotel (now rebranded as Hotel Jen), built in 1995, and Tanglin Mall, a 130,000 sq. ft. shopping centre which opened in 1994.7



Author

Naidu Ratnala Thulaja



References
1. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2003). Toponymics: A study of Singapore street names. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, p. 140. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA])

2. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2003). Toponymics: A study of Singapore street names. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, p. 140. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA]); Buckley, C. B. (1984). An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore: 1819­-1867. Singapore: Oxford University Press, pp. 405­406. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS]); Dunlop, P. K. G. (2000). Street names of Singapore. Singapore: Who's Who Publications, pp. 95, 233. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 DUN-[HIS])
3. Aggarwal, N. (1995, December 25). India plans to redevelop three large S'pore freehold properties. The Straits Times, p. 28. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
4. Nostalgia time again for former RI boy. (1990, May 27). The Straits Times, p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; EOE Singapore. (2015). Raffles Institution history. Retrieved from EOE Singapore website: http://eoe.sg/raffles-institution/; Dream park for youth to open in 2009. (2006, December 27). The Straits Times, p. H2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
5. Edwards, N., & Keys, P. (1988). Singapore: A guide to buildings, streets, places. Singapore: Times Books International, pp. 183, 186, 226, 227, 496. (Call no.: RSING 915.957 EDW-[TRA])
6. Savage, V. R., & Yeoh, B. S. A. (2003). Toponymics: A study of Singapore street names. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, p. 140. (Call no.: RSING 915.9570014 SAV-[TRA]); New residence for US Ambassador. (1994, June 28). The Straits Times, p. 36; Old buildings win architect 2 awards. (1998, July 9). The Straits Times, p. 2; Soh, W. L. (2002, March 25). Shophouse-style and modern living come to Light @ Cairnhill. The Straits Times, p. 8. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
7. Dhaliwal, R. (1995, February 7). New hotel meets basic needs of business clients. The Straits Times, p. 22; Ong, C. (1995, January 2). Tanglin Mall set to liven up quiet part of Orchard Road belt. The Straits Times, p. 4; Kuoks to open shopping mall in December. (1994, September 29). The Straits Times, p. 36. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd. (2015, December 23). Traders Hotel Singapore Rebrands to Hotel Jen Singapore; Global First by Shangri-La. Retrieved from Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd. Website:
http://www.shangri-la.com/corporate/press-room/press-releases/traders-hotel-singapore-rebrands-to-hotel-jen-singapore-global-first-by-shangri



Further resources
Chew, C. (2005, August 28). Great Scape. The Straits Times, p. 36. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.


Chia, A. (2006, December 27). Dream park for youth to open in 2009. The Straits Times, p. H2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG

EOE Singapore. (2015). Raffles Institution history. Retrieved from EOE Singapore website: http://eoe.sg/raffles-institution/

Kuoks to open shopping mall in December. (1994, September 29). The Straits Times, p. 36. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Leow, S. W. (2009, September 21). New Orchard mall targets youth. The Straits Times, p. 22. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Locanto. (2006­2016). Orchard Building. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from Locanto website: http://singapore.locanto.sg/ID_777870591/Orchard-Road-Office-Space-For-Rent-Orchard-Building.html

Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2010). Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Singapore. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt in Singapore website: http://www.mfa.gov.eg/english/embassies/egyptian_embassy_singapore/contactus/pages/default.aspx

National Youth Council. (2006, January 19). Bigger, Better Somerset Skate Park Opens in Orchard. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from National Youth Council Singapore website: https://nyc.gov.sg/media/k2/attachments/283_MR---Launch-of-Somerset-Skate-Park.pdf

Nostalgia time again for former RI boy. (1990, May 27). The Straits Times, p. 18. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Ong, C. (1995, January 2). Tanglin Mall set to liven up quiet part of Orchard Road belt. The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.

Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd. (2015, December 23). Traders Hotel Singapore Rebrands to Hotel Jen Singapore; Global First by Shangri-La. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from Shangri-La International Hotel Management Ltd. website:
http://www.shangri-la.com/corporate/press-room/press-releases/traders-hotel-singapore-rebrands-to-hotel-jen-singapore-global-first-by-shangri/

The Singapore Anti-Narcotics Association (SANA). (2016). Retrieved August 15, 2016, from SANA website: http://www.sana.org.sg/contact-us-2/

Urban Redevelopment Authority Singapore. (2016, April 11). Orchard Fountain Corner. Retrieved August 15, 2016, from Urban Redevelopment Authority Singapore website: https://www.ura.gov.sg/MS/OurFavePlace/events/bench/locations/orchard.aspx



The information in this article is valid as at 2016 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.



 

Subject
Street names--Singapore
Arts>>Architecture>>Public and commercial buildings
Streets and Places
Architecture and Landscape>>Streets and Places
Law and government>>National development>>City planning