Past and present leaders of Singapore



Resident and Commandant of Singapore (East India Company), 1819–1823
6 Feb 1819–1 May 1823:
 William Farquhar


Resident of Singapore (East India Company), 1823–1826
9 Jun 1823–14 Aug 1826:
 John Crawfurd2

 
Resident councillors (East India Company), 1826–18673
15 Aug 1826–18 Nov 1827: John Prince
29 Nov 1827–Dec 1833: Kenneth Murchison
Dec 1833–1836: Samuel George Bonham
4 Mar 1837–1856: Thomas Church
1856–1859: Henry Somerset MacKenzie
1860–1867: Ronald Macpherson

Governors of the Straits Settlements (under British India), 1826–18674
27 Nov 1826–1830: Robert Fullerton
1830–6 Dec 1833: Robert Ibbetson
7 Dec 1833–17 Nov 1836: Kenneth Murchison
18 Nov 1836–Jan 1843: Samuel George Bonham
Aug 1843–20 Mar 1855: William John Butterworth
21 Mar 1855–Aug 1859: Edmund Augustus Blundell
6 Aug 1859–16 Mar 1867: William Orfeur Cavenagh 

Governors of the Straits Settlements (direct Crown control), 1867–19465
17 Mar 1867–3 Nov 1873: Harry St George Ord
4 Nov 1873–7 May 1875: Andrew Clarke 
8 May 1875–3 Apr 1877: William Francis Drummond Jervois 
Aug 1877–10 Feb 1879: William Cleaver Francis Robinson
6 May 1880–17 Oct 1887: Frederick Aloysius Weld
17 Oct 1887–30 Aug 1893: Cecil Clementi Smith
1 Feb 1894–7 Dec 1899: Charles Bullen Hugh Mitchell
17 Feb 1901–12 Jan 1904: Frank Athelstane Swettenham
15 Apr 1904–9 Apr 1911:
 John Anderson

2 Sep 1911–24 Aug 1919: Arthur Henderson Young
3 Feb 1920–5 May 1927: Laurence Nunns Guillemard
3 Jun 1927–20 Oct 1929: Hugh Charles Clifford 
20 Nov 19297–16 Feb 1934: Cecil Clementi
9 Nov 1934–14 Feb 1942: Shenton Thomas Whitelegge Thomas8
16 Aug 1945–31 Mar 1946: Shenton Thomas Whitelegge Thomas (he was a prisoner-of-war from 15 February 1942 to 15 August 1945 during the Japanese Occupation)

British Military Administration, 1945–1946
5 Sep 1945–31 Mar 1946: Louis Mountbatten9

Governors of the crown colony of Singapore, 1946–195910
1 Apr 1946–20 Mar 1952: Franklin Gimson
23 Apr 1952–3 Jun 1955: John Fearns Nicoll
30 Jun 1955–4 Dec 1957: Robert Brown Black
9 Dec 1957–2 Jun 1959: William Goode

Chief ministers 1955–195911
6 Apr 1955–7 Jun 1956: David Marshall
8 Jun 1956–1 Jun 1959: Lim Yew Hock

Heads of State (Yang di-Pertuan Negara), 1959–196512
3 Jun 1959–2 Dec 1959: William Goode
3 Dec 1959–21 Dec 1965: Yusof bin Ishak

Presidents of Singapore, 1965–
9 Aug 1965–23 Nov 1970: Yusof bin Ishak13
2 Jan 1971–12 May 1981: Benjamin Henry Sheares14
24 Oct 1981–28 Mar 1985: Chengara Veetil Devan Nair (C. V. Devan Nair)15
2 Sep 1985–1 Sep 1993: Wee Kim Wee16
1 Sep 1993–31 Aug 1999: Ong Teng Cheong (first elected president)17
1 Sep 1999–31 Aug 2011: Sellapan Ramanathan (S R Nathan)18
1 Sep 2011–31 Aug 2017: Tony Tan Keng Yam19
14 Sep 2017–: Halimah Yacob20


Prime ministers, 1959–
5 Jun 1959–28 Nov 1990: Lee Kuan Yew21
28 Nov 1990–12 Aug 2004: Goh Chok Tong22
12 Aug 2004–: Lee Hsien Loong23



Author

Vernon Cornelius



References
1. Bastin, J. S. (2014). Raffles and Hastings: Private exchanges behind the founding of Singapore. Singapore: National Library Board and Marshall Cavendish Editions, p. 48. (Call no.: RSING 959.5703 BAS-[HIS]); Solomon, E. (1996). William Farquhar’s life in the Far East: A chronology. Singapore: Singapore Resource Library: National Library Board, p. 49. (Call no.: RSING 959.503 SOL)

2. Buckley, C. B. (1984). An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore: 1819–1967. Singapore: Oxford University Press, p. 141. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS])
3. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 449. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
4. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 284. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
5. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, pp. 284–285. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
6. The government gazette. (1901, February 21). The Straits Times, p. 2; Sir Frank Swettenham’s retirement. (1904, January 27). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (Weekly), p. 55. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
7.  Sir Cecil Clementi resigns the governorship. (1934, June 15). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8. Montgomery, B. (1984). Shenton of Singapore: Governor and prisoner of war. Singapore: Times Books International, p. 17. (Call no.: RSING 941.0840924 SHE.M)
9. Mulliner, K., & The-Mulliner, L. (1991). Historical dictionary of Singapore. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, p. 166. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 MUL-[HIS])
10. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
11. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
12. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)13. Life and times of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president. (2014, August 18). The Straits Times. Retrieved 2017, July 4 from SPH websites Singapore: http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/life-and-times-of-yusof-ishak-singapores-first-president
14. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR)
15. Singh, S. (1986). The encyclopaedia of the coins of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei 1400–1986. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia Numismatic Society, p. 450. (Call no.: RSING 737.49595 SAR); The crash of ‘81’: ‘We’re not to blame: Now he’s President Nair. (1981, October 25). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Singapore. Parliament. Parliamentary Debates: Official Report. (1985, March 28). Resignation of Mr C. V. Devan Nair President of the Republic of Singapore (Vol. 45, cols. 1684—1686). Singapore: Govt. Printer. (Call no.: RSING 328.5957 SIN)
16. Wee sworn in as president. (1985, September 3). The Business Times, p. 1; PM makes farewell call. (1993, September 2). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
17. President Ong to work with govt to shape political system. (1993, September 2). The Business Times, p. 1; President Ong, says ‘thank you’. (1999, September 1). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
18. Zuraidah Ibrahim. (1999, September 2). Nathan sworn in as sixth presidentThe Straits Times, p. 1; Gan, L. K. (2011, August 31). See you, Mr PresidentThe New Paper, pp. 6–7. etrieved from NewspaperSG.
19. Gan, L. K. (2011, August 31). See you, Mr PresidentThe New Paper, pp. 6–7. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; President’s Office. (2017, September 1). Dr Tony Tan Keng Yam. Retrieved 2017, October 3 from The Istana website: http://www.istana.gov.sg/the-president/former-presidents/dr-tony-tan-keng-yam; Chia, L. (2017, September 1). Saying goodbye: President Tony Tan's last day in office. Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved from Factiva via NLB's eResources: http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/
20. President’s Office. (2017, September 15). Biography of the president. Retrieved 2017, October 3 from The Istana website: http://www.istana.gov.sg/the-president/biography
21. Cabinet swearing in today at City Hall. (1959, June 5). Singapore Standard, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Mulliner, K., & The-Mulliner, L. (1991). Historical dictionary of Singapore. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, p. 167. (Call no.: RSING 959.57003 MUL-[HIS])
22. Henson, B., & Zuraidah Ibrahim. (1990, November 28). VIPs to witness historic swearing-in of new PMThe Straits Times, p. 20; Teo, L. (2004, August 12). PM Goh chairs last cabinet meetingThe Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
23. Teo, L. (2004, August 10). President to ask DPM Lee to form new govtThe Straits Times, p. 5. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Government of Singapore. (2017). Member’s profile: Lee Hsien Loong. Retrieved 2017, July 4 from Parliament of Singapore website: https://www.parliament.gov.sg/mp/lee-hsien-loong



The information in this article is valid as at 3 October 2017 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

 

 

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