Gaston Dutronquoy



Gaston Dutronquoy was a prominent hotelier and entrepreneur in Singapore during the 1840s and early 1850s.1 He was also the island's first recorded resident photographer. A native of Jersey in the Channel Islands, off the coast of France, he first arrived in Singapore in March 1839, advertising himself as a painter of miniatures and portraits.2

A multi-faceted career
In May 1839, Dutronquoy established the London Hotel in Commercial Square (later renamed Raffles Place).3 In late 1841, he moved his hotel to a two-storey bungalow at 3 Coleman Street near the Esplanade, which was the former residence of G. D. Coleman, Singapore's pioneer colonial architect and the first government superintendent of public works.4 It was there that he opened a photographic studio, experimenting with the newly invented daguerreotype. His studio offered portrait-taking services at ten dollars for one person, and fifteen for two persons in a single photograph.5 In March 1844, the London Hotel was again relocated to another building (formerly Singapore Hotel), situated at the corner of High Street and the Esplanade.6


Apart from photography, Dutronquoy also tried his hand at theatre. He set up the Theatre Royal in London Hotel, which staged theatrical performances between 1844 and 1845.7 It is interesting to note that besides Singapore, this spirited proprietor had also established a hotel (which incidentally was also named the London Hotel) and theatre in Hong Kong.  His business ventures in Hong Kong did not last very long though.  He left Hong Kong in a hurry on 17 December 1842, allegedly over some “personal violence added to insult and abuse” that he had received the previous evening”.8

Dutronquoy also made significant contributions to the medical industry of Singapore. He opened a hotel in 1852 that catered to the needs of invalids and convalescents, supported by a team of well-qualified doctors from India.9 Strategically located at James Guthrie's old residence at New Harbour, this branch of the London Hotel also offered accommodation to newly arrived visitors to Singapore who disembarked from the nearby Peninsula and Oriental (P & O) Wharves.10

A heroic deed
Dutronquoy displayed his courage during one of early Singapore's worst fires. On 12 February 1847, a large fire broke out in Kampong Glam. Before long, the flames had spread to the neighbouring European houses along Beach Road; the house of a Gilbert McMicking was the first to catch fire.  Fortunately, Dutronquoy, together with a party of French sailors, bravely climbed onto the roof of McMicking's house.  There, by continually throwing water onto the tiles, they managed to put out the fire and save the building, preventing it from spreading to the other European houses.11

A mysterious end

It is not known for sure what happened to Dutronquoy after the mid-1850s. According to reports of the time, he mysteriously vanished while in search of gold in the Muar river region. Rumours during the time stated that he was murdered during the expedition.12 Dutronquoy was listed as "absent" in the Singapore almanack and directory for the year 1856,13 and in the following year, an advertisement in The Straits Times informed the public that his estate had been dissolved.14

London Hotel was taken over by a Madame Esperanza, who renamed it  Singapore Hotel.15 In 1858, Gaston's son, S. Dutronquoy, opened a hotel on Bonham Street and also named it London Hotel.16



Author

Alex Ong




References
1. Falconer, J. (1987). A vision of the past: A history of early photography in Singapore and Malaya: The photographs of G. R. Lambert & Co.,1880–1910. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 11. (Call no. RSING 779.995957 FAL)
2. Gillis, K., & Tan, K. (2006).  The book of Singapore's firsts. Singapore: Singapore Heritage Society, p. 127. (Call no. RSING 959.57 GIL-[HIS])
3. Page 1 Advertisements Column 4: London Hotel. (1839, May 23). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835­-1869), p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
4. Page 1 advertisements column 2: London Hotel. (1842, January 13). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869), p. 1; Last look at the house that Coleman built. (1965, December 5). The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
5. Page 1 advertisements column 3: Daguerrotype portraits. (1843, December 7). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869), p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
6. Page 1 advertisements column 2. (1844, February 29). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869), p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Falconer, J. (1987). A vision of the past: A history of early photography in Singapore and Malaya: The photographs of G. R. Lambert & Co., 1880–1910.  Singapore: Times Editions, p. 11. (Call no. RSING 779.995957 FAL)
7. Buckley, C. B. (1984). An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore. Singapore: Oxford University Press, pp. 743, 745. (Call no. RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS])
8. Smith, C. T. (1982). The Hong Kong Amateur Dramatic Club and its predecessors. Journal of the Hong Kong Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 22, 217–251, pp. 218–219. Retrieved 2016, August 23 from Hong Kong Journals Online website:
http://hkjo.lib.hku.hk/archive/files/ecb03c0aaf3ebb95ec73551fa391a0a5.pdf
9. Lee, Y. K. (2005, September). Private practitioners and private hospitals in early Singapore (1819–1872). Singapore Medical Journal, 46 (9), 495. (Call no. RSING 610.5 SMJ); Page 3 advertisements column 1. (1852, September 14). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
10. Falconer, J. (1987). A vision of the past: A history of early photography in Singapore and Malaya: The photographs of G. R. Lambert & Co., 1880–1910. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 12. (Call no. RSING 779.995957 FAL)
11. Untitled. (1847, February 18). The Singapore Free Press and Mercantile Advertiser (1835–1869), p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; Buckley, C. B. (1984). An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore. Singapore: Oxford University Press, pp. 460–461. (Call no. RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS])
12. Buckley, C. B. (1984). An anecdotal history of old times in Singapore. Singapore: Oxford University Press, p. 745. (Call no. RSING 959.57 BUC-[HIS])
13. The Singapore almanack and directory for the year 1856: The government, various departments, merchants, trade & professions, etc., etc., etc., at Singapore. (1856). Singapore: Straits Times Press, p. 58. Retrieved from BookSG.
14. Page 3 advertisements column 4: In the estate of Gastou Dutronquoy. (1857, September 8). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
15. Page 3 advertisement column 4: Singapore Hotel. (1857, September 8). The Straits Times, p. 3. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
16. Falconer, J. (1987). A vision of the past: A history of early photography in Singapore and Malaya: The photographs of G. R. Lambert & Co., 1880–1910. Singapore: Times Editions, p. 12. (Call no. RSING 779.995957 FAL); Page 2 advertisements column 1: The London Hotel. (1859, September 10). The Straits Times, p. 2. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2007 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

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Subject
Pioneers
Pioneers--Singapore--Biography
History>>Asia>>Southeast Asia>>Singapore
Singapore--History--1819-1867
Personalities>>Biographies>>Pioneers