Sang Nila Utama Secondary School



Sang Nila Utama Secondary School, formerly located at Upper Aljunied Road, was the first Malay-medium secondary school established in Singapore and the third secondary school built after Singapore attained self-government in 1959.1 The school was officially opened in 1961 and ceased operations by 1988.2 It was named after Sang Nila Utama, the Prince of Palembang who was believed to be the founder of Singapura.3

Background
Though formal secular education for Malays in the Malay language was first introduced in 1834, Malay education in Singapore made little progress under British colonial rule.4 Steps were taken to improve Malay education after the People’s Action Party took over the government in 1959.5 New education policies were formulated based on the principles of providing equal treatment for all four official language streams of education by introducing bilingual education in primary schools and trilingual education in secondary school; and establishing Malay as the national language. The establishment of Malay secondary schools was seen as an initial step in providing educational support for Malays in attaining social mobility and economic advancement. Malay-medium secondary classes were first introduced in Kallang, Monk’s Hill, Siglap, and Serangoon Secondary School and Geylang Craft Centre. In addition, plans were drawn up to build two Malay-medium secondary schools – Sang Nila Utama and Tun Sri Lanang secondary schools.6

Founding
Before the official opening of the school buildings, the students of Sang Nila Utama Secondary School were temporarily housed at English secondary schools.7 The school was officially opened on 14 October 1961 by then Minister of Education Yong Nyuk Lin, with an enrolment of 477 students and 18 teachers.8 The opening of the secondary school was seen as the most significant milestone in the development of Malay education in Singapore since the establishment of the first Malay primary school at Telok Blangah in 1856.9


Developments
From 1965 onwards, the school underwent several changes. Two Malay-medium pre-university classes were started in addition to the existing secondary classes.10 In 1968, the school transformed from a pure Malay-medium school into an integrated school by starting two English stream secondary classes.11 In 1972, Sang Nila Utama Secondary School became part of the scheme under a joint committee of Muslim societies in organising tutorial classes to help Malay-medium pre-university students prepare for the Higher School Certificate Examination.12


Major extensions to the school buildings were completed in May 1969 with the construction of additional classrooms, science laboratories, demonstration room and rooms for home economics.13 The extension blocks were officially opened by then Parliamentary Secretary for Law and Development S. Ramasamy in 1970.14

Following the Ministry of Education’s decision to phase out all non-English-medium pre-university centres by 1981, Sang Nila Utama Secondary School stopped accepting pre-university students from 1979.15 The existing pre-university Malay stream classes were transferred to Bartley Secondary School the following year. The school’s intake of Malay-stream secondary classes also suffered a decline over the years. By 1984, only two classes remained, with an enrolment of 37 students.16 The school ceased operations by 1988.17 The school building served as temporary accommodation for the nearby Cedar Girls’ Secondary School when the latter’s school building underwent renovation from 1990 to 1994.18


Significance
Sang Nila Utama Secondary School was visited by several dignitaries, including the Raja Permaisuri Agong who visited the school on 12 November 1963.19 This was part of his official visit to Singapore, which was seen as helpful in strengthening a Malaysian identity after the merger.20 Other dignitaries who visited the school include Puan Noor Aishah, the wife of the first president of Singapore Yusof bin Ishak, and Ivan Baptist, a former Member of Parliament.21


The school organised several events such as seminars. On 20 March 1971, the seminar “Dialogues on Modernisation – Nine Views” was jointly organised by the school’s Current Affairs Club and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.22 In 1972, it jointly organised a two-day seminar for youth with the Ministry of Education, National Library, Chinese YMCA and Junior Chamber of Singapore.23

Among the graduates of Sang Nila Utama Secondary School are several prominent personalities, including Yatiman Yusof, Singapore’s then high commissioner to Kenya; and Mohamad Maidin, former senior parliamentary secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs.24 Prolific Malay writer Masuri Salikun and former Senior Parliamentary Secretary to Minister for Culture Sha’ari Tadin once taught at the school.25 



Author

Chow Yaw Huah




References
1. Singapore Ministry of Education. (1987). Directory of schools and education institutions. Singapore: Education Statistics Section, Planning & Management Services Division, Ministry of Education, p. 13. (Call no.: RSING 371.00255957 DSEI -[DIR]); The first school. (1961, October 15). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
2. Singapore Ministry of Education. (1988). Directory of schools and education institutions. Singapore: Education Statistics Section, Planning & Management Services Division, Ministry of Education. (Call no.: RSING 371.00255957 DSEI -[DIR]); The first school. (1961, October 15). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
3. Tengku S. I. I. (2006). Education and the Malays, 1945-1965. In Koo, K. K., et al. (Ed.) Malays/Muslims in Singapore: Selected readings in history, 1819‒1965 (pp. 281‒313). Selangor, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications in co-operation with Centre for Research on Islamic and Malay Affairs, p. 292. (Call no.: RSING 305.8992805957 MAL)
4. Doraisamy, T. R. (Ed.). (1969). 150 years of education in Singapore. Singapore: TTC Publications Board, Teachers Training College, pp. 104‒111. (Call no.: RCLOS 370.95957 TEA)
5. Tengku S. I. I. (2006). Education and the Malays, 1945‒1965. In Koo, K. K., et al. (Ed.) Malays/Muslims in Singapore: Selected readings in history, 1819-1965 (pp. 281‒313). Selangor, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications in co-operation with Centre for Research on Islamic and Malay Affairs, p. 289. (Call no.: RSING 305.8992805957 MAL)
6. Doraisamy, T. R. (Ed.). (1969). 150 years of education in Singapore. Singapore: TTC Publications Board, Teachers Training College, p. 112. (Call no.: RCLOS 370.95957 TEA)
7. The first school. (1961, October 15). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
8. Pengetua Sekolah Menengah Melayu, Sang Nila Utama. (c. 1963). Penyata Sekolah Menengah Sang Nila Utama 14.10.61 – 30.7.63. Bahtera: Majallah Sang Nila Utama 1963, pp. 9‒10. [Microfilm no.: A00035472J]
9. Tengku S. I. I. (2006). Education and the Malays, 1945-1965. In Koo, K. K., et al. (Ed.). Malays/Muslims in Singapore: Selected readings in history, 1819-1965 (pp. 281‒313). Selangor, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications in co-operation with Centre for Research on Islamic and Malay Affairs, p. 292. (Call no.: RSING 305.8992805957 MAL)
10. Singapore. Ministry of Education. (1965). Annual Report. Singapore: Printed at the Govt. Print. Off, p. 6. (Call no.:  RCLOS 370.95951 SIN)
11. Foreword by the principal. (1984). Sang Nila Utama Secondary School: School Magazine. Singapore: Sang Nila Utama Secondary School, p. 2. (Call no.: RCLOS q373.5957 SNUSSS)
12. Tuition for Malay-medium pre-varsity students. (1972, March 23). The Straits Times, p. 6. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
13. Singapore Year Book ’69. (1970). Singapore: Government Printing Office, p. 176. (Call no.: RCLOS 959.57 SIN)
14. School opening. (1970, June 10). The Straits Times, p. 29. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
15. 'Pre-U One places for all' pledge by ministry. (1978, December 27). The Straits Times, p. 16. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
16. Foreword by the principal. (1984). Sang Nila Utama Secondary School: School Magazine. Singapore: Sang Nila Utama Secondary School, p. 2. (Call no.: RCLOS q373.5957 SNUSSS)
17. Singapore. Ministry of Education. (1988). Directory of schools and education institutions. Singapore: Education Statistics Section, Planning & Management Services Division, Ministry of Education. (Call no.: RSING 371.00255957 DSEI -[DIR])
18. Cedar Girls to relive memories before old school is torn down. (1989, October 31). The Straits Times, p. 17. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
19. King and Queen fly in today: 21-gun airport salute. (1963, November 11). The Straits Times, p. 4. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
20. Royal Visit. (1963, November 12). The Straits Times, p. 10. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
21. Muslim party. (1965, February 12). The Straits Times, p. 22. Retrieved from NewspaperSG; ‘Don’t depend too much on immigrant labour’ advice. (1978, June 4). The Straits Times, p. 11. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
22. Sang Nila Utama Secondary School Current Affairs Club. (1971). Seminar Dialogues on Modernisation: Nine views. Singapore: Sang Nila Utama Secondary School Current Affairs Club. (Call no.: RCLOS 301.24 SAN)
23. Do not run away from problems, youths told. (1972, February 27). The Straits Times, p. 9. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
24. Lee, E. (2008). Singapore: the unexpected nation. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, p. 496. (Call no.: RSING 959.57 LEE-[HIS]); Maidin: Rootlessness and loss of values are my big fears. (1993, April 9). The Straits Times, p. 33. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
25. Chiang, A. (2005, December 8). He slumps over on sofa and loses consciousness. The New Paper, p. 4; Au Yong, J. (2009, December 16). PM offers condolences to wife of late MP. The Straits Times, p. 27. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.



The information in this article is valid as at 2011 and correct as far as we can ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

 

Subject
Politics and Government>>Education
Education, Secondary--Singapore
Schools--Singapore
Education>>School and their activities
Education
Education>>Secondary education