Vanda Miss Joaquim

Papilionanthe Miss Joaquim, commonly referred to as Vanda Miss Joaquim, is the first recorded orchid hybrid from Singapore, created in the early 1890s. On 15 April 1981, the Agnes variety of the Vanda Miss Joaquim was launched as Singapore’s national flower. The plant was named after Agnes Joaquim, who is officially recognised as the breeder of the orchid hybrid. The first record of Vanda Miss Joaquim appeared in an 1893 issue of The Gardeners’ Chronicle journal, when it was registered as a new plant by Henry Nicholas Ridley, then director of the ...

Lorong Halus

Lorong Halus is an area located in the northeastern part of Singapore that surrounds a road of the same name. The road has been in existence since the 1930s and was extended in the 1980s and ’90s to connect with the Tampines Expressway ...

Two-child policy

The two-child policy was a population control measure introduced by the Singapore government during the 1970s to encourage couples to have no more than two children. It was part of the second Five-Year National Family Planning Programme ...

Singapore Institute of Management

The Singapore Institute of Management (SIM) was founded on 28 November 1964 to train first-class managers for the Singapore economy. Today, SIM comprises three distinct arms: SIM Global Education, SIM Professional Development and SIM ...

Somapah

Located off Changi Road at the 10th milestone, Somapah was a residential area centred on the Somapah estate, which was also known as Somapah Village. The area was named after Indian landowner Hunmah Somapah. Although Somapah Road still ...

Art and music education

Formal art and music education programmes in Singapore were established by the British colonial government in the 1920s and ’30s respectively. Private Chinese-medium schools also offered art education through courses run by professional ...

Ulu Pandan

Ulu Pandan is an area situated in the central region of Singapore. As a subzone within the Bukit Timah planning area, Ulu Pandan is bounded by Ulu Pandan Road and ...

Vernacular education

In Singapore, vernacular education refers to education conducted in the native languages of the main resident communities, namely Malay, Chinese and Tamil. From the early 19th to the mid-20th centuries, formal vernacular education ...

Anson Road Stadium

Anson Road Stadium, which has been described as the “Wembley of Malaya”, was a key venue for football in Singapore during the 1920s and 1930s. It was initially designed as the centrepiece for the Malaya-Borneo Exhibition in 1922, but ...

Simei

Simei is one of the five subzones of the Tampines planning area located in the eastern region of Singapore. It is bounded by the Pan-Island Expressway (PIE), Upper ...

Teachers’ Training College

Established on 1 March 1950, the Teachers’ Training College (TTC) was Singapore’s first permanent, fulltime training college for English-medium primary school teachers. Training classes for Chinese-medium teachers were subsequently ...