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Pan-Malayan Council of Joint Action is formed 22nd Dec 1946

The Pan-Malayan Council of Joint Action (PMCJA) was initially established as the Council of Joint Action (CJA) on 14 December 1946.[1] The CJA was set up as a united front to challenge the Anglo-Malay proposals for a Federation of Malaya to replace the Malayan Union.[2] At its inception, the council was a mix of disparate Singapore organisations that included the Malayan Democratic Union (MDU), Malay Nationalist Party (MNP), Malayan Indian Congress (MIC), Straits Chinese British Association, Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce, Singapore Tamils' Association, Singapore Women's Federation, Singapore Clerical Union and the Singapore Federation of Trade Unions (SFTU).[3] On 22 December, the council’s membership was extended to include organisations on the Malayan peninsula, and the CJA was renamed the Pan-Malayan Council of Joint Action.[4]

The PMCJA called for the inclusion of Singapore within a united Malaya, responsible self-government with a fully-elected legislature as well as equal citizenship rights for all who had made Malaya their permanent home and the object of their undivided loyalty.[5] Between 1947 and early 1948, the PMCJA (renamed All-Malaya Council of Joint Action in August 1947) partnered the Pusat Tenaga Rakyat (PUTERA), which was a coalition of Malay organisations, to mount an anti-federation campaign that culminated in an economic strike or hartal in October 1947.[6] The coalition fell apart shortly after the formation of the Federation of Malaya in February 1948.[7]

1. Yeo, K. W. (1973). Political development in Singapore, 1945–55 (p. 23). Singapore: Singapore University Press. Call no.: RSING 320.95957 YEO; Domiciled peoples form joint council. (1946, December 15). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
2. Yeo, 1973, p. 22.
3. Yeo, 1973, p. 23.
4. Yeo, 1973, p. 23.
5. Pan-Malayan body formed. (1946, December 23). The Straits Times, p. 1. Retrieved from NewspaperSG.
6. Stockwell, A. J. (1979). British policy and Malay politics during the Malayan Union experiment, 1942–1948 (p. 94). Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Call no.: 959.51035 STO; Yeo, 1973, p. 35.
7. Yeo, 1973, pp. 42–44.


The information in this article is valid as at 2014 and correct as far as we are able to ascertain from our sources. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or complete history of the subject. Please contact the Library for further reading materials on the topic.

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